Difference between revisions of "Critical Infrastructure Sector"

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==== [[Netherlands]] ====
==== [[Netherlands]] ====
The 2015 [[Critical Infrastructure]] review of 2015 redefined the Dutch critical infrastructure sectors and the critical products and services. On September 16, 2016, some additions to the [[Critical Infrastructure]] table below were announced <ref>[https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/kamerstukken/2016/09/16/voortgangsbrief-nationale-veiligheid/TK+Voortgangsbrief+Nationale+Veiligheid.pdf Voortgangsbrief Nationale Veiligheid 2016]</ref> <ref>[https://english.nctv.nl/topics_a_z/critical_infrastructure_protection/index.aspx Factsheet Resilient critical infrastructure, NCTV, Netherlands]</ref>. Later, road and rail transport were added (again).   
The 2015 [[Critical Infrastructure]] review redefined the Dutch critical infrastructure sectors and the critical products and services. On September 16, 2016, some additions to the [[Critical Infrastructure]] table below were announced <ref>[https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/kamerstukken/2016/09/16/voortgangsbrief-nationale-veiligheid/TK+Voortgangsbrief+Nationale+Veiligheid.pdf Voortgangsbrief Nationale Veiligheid 2016]</ref> <ref>[https://english.nctv.nl/topics_a_z/critical_infrastructure_protection/index.aspx Factsheet Resilient critical infrastructure, NCTV, Netherlands]</ref>. Later, road and rail transport were added (again).   
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Revision as of 10:57, 18 November 2021

Each national or international strategy and policy identifies different categories of sectors that are considered to offer vital services and thus require protection. A 2008 survey examined the policies of 25 countries and identifies as the most frequently mentioned the following sectors, taken up later in the [1]:

  • Banking and Finance (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja finance)
  • Central Government / Government Services [?]
  • (Tele-)Communication / Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja informacijsko in komunikacijsko podporo)
  • Emergency / Rescue Services [?]
  • Energy / Electricity (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja energetsko podporo)
  • Health Services (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja zdravstveno oskrbo)
  • Transportation / Logistics / Distribution (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja prometne povezave)
  • Water (supply) (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja preskrbo s pitno vodo)
  • Food (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja preskrbo s hrano)
  • Envoronmental Protection (Sektor kritične infrastrukture, ki zagotavlja varstvo okolja)

The study comments that "these are the core sectors of modern societies, and possibly the areas where a large-scale interruption would be most devastating" [2].


European Definitions

Council Directive 2008/114/EC

The EU directive identifies the following two sectors and their respective sub-sectors [3]:

I Energy

  1. Electricity: Infrastructures and facilities for generation and transmission of electricity in respect of supply electricity
  2. Oil: Oil production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines
  3. Gas: (a) Gas production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines, (b) LNG terminals

II Transport

  1. Road transport
  2. Rail transport
  3. Air transport
  4. Inland waterways transport
  5. Ocean & short sea shipping and ports

Resilience of critical entities COM/2020/829 final

The EU proposed directive identifies the following sectors and their respective sub-sectors [4]:

Sector Subsector
Energy Electricity
District Heating
Transport Air
Water (inland, sea, coastal passenger and freight; ports)
Financial Market Infrastructures
Drinking Water
Waste Water
Digital Infrastructure (IX, DSN, TLD, Cloud, Data centre service, Content delivery, Trust services, NIS Directive)
Public Administration
Space (ground-based infrastructure)

Other International Definitions


UNISDR presents the following examples of critical infrastructures:

transport systems, air and sea ports, electricity, water and communications systems, hospitals and health clinics, and centres for fire, police and public administration services. [5]

National Definitions



  1. Energía: presas, subestaciones, líneas de fluido eléctrico, plantas de almacenamiento de combustibles, oleoductos, gasoductos.
  2. Transporte: redes viales, puentes, terminales de transporte, aeropuertos, puertos fluviales y marítimos.
  3. Agua: plantas de tratamiento, acueductos, alcantarillados, canales de irrigación y conducción.
  4. Comunicaciones: redes y plantas telefónicas, estaciones de radio y televisión, oficinas de correo e información pública.


Australia's national critical infrastructure is categorised by seven critical sectors [6]:

  1. Energy
  2. Water services
  3. Communications
  4. Transport
  5. Food Chain
  6. Health
  7. Banking & Finance


Austria's national critical infrastructure is categorised by thirteen critical sectors [7]:

  1. Energy
  2. ICT
  3. Water
  4. Food
  5. Health
  6. Finance
  7. Transport
  8. Chemical industry
  9. Research
  10. Constitutional institutions
  11. Social system
  12. Distribution system
  13. Search and Rescue


Bangladesh Critical Infrastructure is categorised by seven critical sectors [8]:

  1. Energy (oil, gas)
  2. Telecommunications
  3. Transport (road)
  4. Monuments/Buildings
  5. Water
  6. Financial sector
  7. ICT


Belgium's National Critical Infrastructure is categorised by four critical sectors [9]:

  1. Energy (electric power, oil, gas)
  2. Transport (road, rail, air, inland shipping, sea and ocean shipping & harbours)
  3. Financial sector
  4. Electronic Communication

Although another law applies, the Space sector is likewise treated as a Critical Infrastructure.


[CII] Setor: representa um segmento de Infraestrutura Crítica que pode compreender subsetores.
Subsetor: é um nível de especialização de um segmento de Infraestrutura Crítica, constituído por organizações privadas ou públicas responsáveis pelos ativos de informação para os quais serão definidos controles a fim de atender requisites mínimos de segurança.[10]


Canada's national infrastructure is categorised by ten critical sectors [11]:

  1. Health
  2. Food
  3. Finance
  4. Water
  5. Information and Communication Technology
  6. Safety
  7. Energy and utilities
  8. Manufacturing
  9. Government
  10. Transportation


Chile's national critical information infrastructure is categorised by the following critical sectors: [12] [13]}}

  1. energía (energy)
  2. telecomunicaciones (telecommunications)
  3. agua (water)
  4. salud (health)
  5. servicios financieros (financial services)
  6. seguridad pública (public safety)
  7. transporte (transport)
  8. administración pública (civil service)
  9. protección civil (civil protection)
  10. defense(defence)


Potentially eleven Critical Infrastructure Sectors have been identified by [14]:

  1. Energetika - Energy (production, including reservoirs and dams, transmission, storage, transportation fuels and energy distribution systems)
  2. Komunikacijska i informacijska tehnologija - Communication and information technology (electronic communication, data transmission, information systems, providing audio and audiovisual media services)
  3. Promet - Transport (road, rail, air, sea and inland waterway)
  4. Zdravstvo - Public Health (health care, manufacturing, marketing and supervision of medicinal products)
  5. Vodno gospodarstvo - Water Management (control and protective water structures and municipal water structures)
  6. Hrana - Food (production and food supply and food safety system, stockpiles)
  7. Financije - Finance (banking, stock exchanges, investment, insurance and payment systems)
  8. Proizvodnja, skladištenje i prijevoz opasnih tvari - Production, storage and transport of dangerous goods (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials)
  9. Javne službe - Public sector (insurance of public order, protection and rescue, emergency medical services)
  10. Nacionalni spomenici i vrijednosti - National monuments and valuables
  11. Science and Education

Czech Republic

Czech Republic's national critical infrastructure is categorised by nine critical sectors [15]:

  1. Energy
  2. Water management
  3. Food industry and agriculture
  4. Health services
  5. Transport
  6. Communication and information systems
  7. Financial market and currency
  8. Emergency Services
  9. Public administration


Denmark defined critical societal functions instead of critical sectors[16] [17]:

  1. Energy: Supply of electricity, natural gas, crude oil, fuel, etc.
  2. Information and communications technology (ICT): Phone, internet, information networks, processing and transmission of data, navigation, satellite/radio/TV transmission, post and courier services, etc.
  3. Transport: Carrying out, monitoring and controlling passenger and cargo transport (road, rail, air and sea), monitoring and controlling of infrastructure (bridges, tunnels, stations, airports, harbours), etc.
  4. Water: Supply of drinking water and waste water disposal.
  5. Food: Supply of food, supervision of food safety, monitoring and responding to contagious animal diseases and zoonoses.
  6. Finance: Money transmission and transfer services, banking and insurance, securities trading, etc.
  7. Fire and rescue services, police tasks, military assistance to civil authorities, etc.: # Alarming and alerting, on-scene coordinating and technical incident command, cordoning off, fire fighting, search and rescue (land/sea/air), evacuation (incl. reception, housing and catering), environmental pollution response, storm surge preparedness, snow-preparedness, public order enforcement, explosive ordnance disposal, control of production, storage and transport of hazardous materials (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive), and response to incidents that do or may involve hazardous materials.
  8. Health and social services: Prehospital services, hospitals, practising physicians, production and distribution of pharmaceuticals, supervisory systems, day-care and residential institutions, home care, etc.
  9. Defence, intelligence and security services: Military defence and enforcement of sovereignty, counter-terrorism, counter-extremism, counter-espionage, personal protection, etc.
  10. Exercise of authority (all levels): Crisis management capacity, maintenance of parliamentary, governmental, central administrative, judicial, municipal and regional authority.

El Salvador

El Salvador's basic and essential infrastructure is categorised by four sectors [18]:

  1. Energía: presas, subestaciones, líneas de fluido eléctrico, plantas de almacenamiento de combustibles, oleoductos, gasoductos.
  2. Transporte: redes viales, puentes, terminales de transporte, aeropuertos, puertos fluviales y marítimos.
  3. Agua: plantas de tratamiento, acueductos, alcantarillados, canales de irrigación y conducción.
  4. Comunicaciones: redes y plantas telefónicas, estaciones de radio y televisión, oficinas de correo e información publica.


  1. Energy: dams, substations, electric fluid lines, fuel storage plants, oil pipelines, pipelines.
  2. Transport: road networks, bridges, transport terminals, airports, river and maritime ports.
  3. Water: treatment plants, aqueducts, sewage systems, irrigation canals and conduction.
  4. Communications: networks and telephone plants, radio and television stations, post offices and public information.


Estonia's critical infrastructure is categorised by nine critical sectors [19]:

  1. Energy facilities and networks: electricity, oil and gas storage facilities and refineries, transmission and distribution systems
  2. Communications and information technology: telecommunications, transmission and notification systems, software, hardware and networks, including the infrastructure of the Internet
  3. Finance: banking, securities and investment
  4. Health care: hospitals, health care facilities, laboratories and medicines, search, rescue and ambulance services
  5. Food: safety, means of production, wholesale and food industry
  6. Water: water reservoirs, water treatment plants and water networks
  7. Transport: airports, ports, inter-modal transport facilities, rail and mass transit networks, traffic control systems
  8. Production, storage and transport of dangerous goods: chemical, biological, radiological and other hazardous materials
  9. State agencies: critical services, facilities, information networks; information systems ensuring national security and defence, resources, databases and court registers with legal effect, and national cultural assets.


In 2010, Finland defined the following set of vital functions [20] (Suomalaisen yhteiskunnan elintärkeitä toimintoja ovat) [21]:

  1. management of Government affairs (valtion johtamine)
  2. international activity (kansainvälinen toiminta)
  3. Finland’s defence capability (Suomen puolustuskyky)
  4. internal security (sisäinen turvallisuus)
  5. functioning of the economy and infrastructure (talouden ja infrastruktuurin toimivuus)
  6. the population’s income security and capability to function (väestön toimeentuloturva ja toimintakyky), and
  7. psychological resilience to crisis (henkinen kriisinkestävyys)


A critical infrastructure sector is defines as follows:

Secteur d’activités d’importance vitale (SAIV): secteur constitué d’activités concourant à un même objectif: qui ont trait à la production et la distribution de biens ou de services indispensables à la satisfaction des besoins essentiels pour la vie des populations, ou à l’exercice de l’autorité de l’État, ou au fonctionnement de l’économie, ou au maintien du potentiel de défense, ou à la sécurité de la nation, dès lors que ces activités sont difficilement substituables ou remplaçables; ou qui peuvent présenter un danger grave pour la population. [22]

An unofficial translation follows:

Sector consists of activities contributing to a same objective: related to the production and distribution of goods or services essential to satisfy the basic needs of the population, or related to the exercise of state authority or the functioning of the economy, or the upkeep of the defence capacity, or the security of the nation, since these activities are difficult to substitute or replace; or that may seriously affect the health or life of the population.

Below a list of the sectors and the responsible ministry can be found. [23] [24].

Critical Sector Responsible Ministry
Civilian activities Ministry of Home Affairs
Legal activities Ministry for Justice
Military activities of the State Ministry of Defence
Food Ministry for Agriculture
Communication, technologies and broadcasting Ministry for Electronic communications
Energy Ministry for Energy
Space and Research Ministry of Research
Finance Ministry of the Economy and Finance
Water management Ministry for Ecology
Industry Ministry for Industry
Health Ministry of Health
Transport Ministry of Transport


In Germany, the following sectors (and industries) are assigned to critical infrastructures [25]:

  1. Transport and traffic (aviation, maritime shipping, inland waterway transport, rail traffic, road traffic, logistics)
  2. Energy (electricity, mineral oil, gas)
  3. Information technology and telecommunication (telecommunication, information technology)
  4. Finance and insurance sector (banks/financial institutes, insurance companies, financial service providers, stock exchanges)
  5. State and administration (government and administration, parliament, judicial institutions, emergency and rescue services including disaster control)
  6. Food (food industry, food trade)
  7. Water (public water supply, public waste water disposal)
  8. Health (medical care, pharmaceuticals and vaccines, laboratories)
  9. Media and culture (broadcasting (television and radio), printed and electronic press, cultural assets, highly symbolic buildings)

In Deutschland werden folgende Sektoren (und Branchen) den Kritischen Infrastrukturen zugeordnet:

  1. Transport und Verkehr (Luftfahrt, Seeschifffahrt, Binnenschifffahrt, Schienenverkehr, Straßenverkehr, Logistik)
  2. Energie (Elektrizität, Mineralöl, Gas)
  3. Informationstechnik und Telekommunikation (Telekommunikation, Informationstechnik)
  4. Finanz- und Versicherungswesen (Banken, Versicherungen, Finanzdienstleister, Börsen)
  5. Staat und Verwaltung (Regierung und Verwaltung, Parlament, Justizeinrichtungen, Notfall- und Rettungswesen einschließlich Katastrophenschutz)
  6. Ernährung (Ernährungswirtschaft, Lebensmittelhandel)
  7. Wasser (Öffentliche Wasserversorgung, öffentliche Abwasserbeseitigung)
  8. Gesundheit (Medizinische Versorgung, Arzneimittel und Impfstoffe, Labore)
  9. Medien und Kultur (Rundfunk (Fernsehen und Radio), gedruckte und elektronische Presse, Kulturgut, symbolträchtige Bauwerke)


Ghana defines the following ten sectors to be part of their Critical National Infrastructure [26]:

  1. National Defense and Security
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Information and Communications
  4. Energy
  5. Transportation
  6. Water
  7. Health Services
  8. Government
  9. Emergency Services
  10. Food and Agriculture


Critical sectors means sectors which are critical to the nation and whose incapacity or destruction will have a debilitating impact on national security, economy, public health or safety. [27]

The sectors that have been designated as critical are: [28]

  1. Defence
  2. Banking and financial sector
  3. ICT and telecommunication
  4. Transportation
  5. Power
  6. Energy
  7. Ministry of Home Affairs
  8. Ministry of External Affairs
  9. Ministry of Heavy Industries
  10. Niti Ayog (the erstwhile Planning Commission)

However, in 2015 the NCIIPC [29] presented the following list of critical sectors:

  1. Energy
  2. Transportation (air, surface, rail & water)
  3. Banking & Finance
  4. Telecommunication
  5. Defence
  6. Space
  7. Law enforcement, security & intelligence
  8. Sensitive Government organisations
  9. Public Health
  10. Water supply
  11. Critical manufacturing
  12. E-Governance


Infrastruktur kritis nasional yakni infrastruktur pada sektor-sektor [30]:

  1. Energi (energy)
  2. Transportasi (transport)
  3. keuangan dan perbankan (finances and banking)
  4. telekomunikasi (telecommunication)
  5. pertahanan (defence)
  6. penegakan hokum (law enforment)
  7. keamanan dan intelijen (security and intelligence services)
  8. kesehatan (health)
  9. suplai air (drinking water)
  10. tata kelola elektronik (e-Governance)
  11. industri kritis (critical industry)
  12. organisasi-orgaisasi sensitif (sensitive organisations)
  13. dan luar angkasa (space)


Japan's national critical infrastructure is categorised by thirteen critical sectors: [31], [32], [33]:

  1. Information and communication services (情報通信)
  2. Financial services (金融)
  3. Aviation services (航空)
  4. Railway services (鉄道)
  5. Electric power supply services (電力)
  6. Gas supply services (ガス)
  7. Government and administrative services (including local public authorities)
  8. Medical services (医療)
  9. Water services (水道)
  10. Logistics services (物流)
  11. Chemical industries (化学)
  12. Credit card services (クレジット)
  13. Petroleum industries (び「石油)


Jersey's critical national infrastructure is categorised by the following eight critical sectors: [34]

  1. Electricity
  2. Gas
  3. Communications
  4. Transport (including Ports and Airport)
  5. Emergency services
  6. Public services
  7. Health
  8. Water


Kuwait's critical national infrastructure is categorised by the following eight vital sectors: [35],[36]

  1. Oil sector القطاع النفطي
  2. Military sector القطاع الع�صكري
  3. Energy sector and electricity and water قطاع الطاقة والكهرباء واملاء.
  4. Financial sector القطاع املايل.
  5. Communications, telecommunication and information technology sector قطاع االت�صاالت وتكنولوجيا املعلومات.
  6. Transport sector قطاع النقل.
  7. Health sector القطاع ال�صحي.
  8. Other government entities .اجلهات احلكومية الأخرى.


Malaysia's National Critical Information Infrastructure (CNII):[37]

  1. National Defence & Security
  2. Banking & Finance
  3. Information & Communications
  4. Energy
  5. Transportation
  6. Water
  7. Health Services
  8. Government
  9. Emergency Services
  10. Food & Agriculture


The 2015 Critical Infrastructure review redefined the Dutch critical infrastructure sectors and the critical products and services. On September 16, 2016, some additions to the Critical Infrastructure table below were announced [38] [39]. Later, road and rail transport were added (again).

Critical Processes Category Product, service or location Sector Responsible Ministry
National transport and distribution of power A Electricity Energy Economic Affairs and Climate
Regional distribution of electricity B
Gas production
National transport and distribution of gas
A Gas
Regional distribution of gas B
Oil supply A Oil
Internet and data services B Internet and data services ICT/Telecom
Internet access and data traffic B Internet access and data traffic
Voice services and text messaging B Voice services and text messaging
Geolocation and time information by GNSS B GNSS Infrastructure and Water Management
Drinking water supply A Drinking water Drinking water
Flood defences and water management A (part of) primary flood defences, regional flood defences Water
Air Traffic B Air Traffic Control (ATC) and aircraft handling Transport
Vessel Traffic Service B Vessel Traffic Service (Port of Rotterdam)
Passenger transport via Rail B Main rail infrastructure
Road Transport B Main road infrastructure (highways, key tunnels and bridges)
Large-scale production/processing and/or storage of chemicals and petrochemicals B Chemical and petrochemical industry Chemistry
Storage, production and processing of nuclear materials A Nuclear Nuclear
Retail transactions B Financial transactions Financial Finance
Consumer financial transactions B
High-value transactions between banks B
Securities trading B
Emergency Services communication (1-1-2 and C2000) B Communication with and between emergency services through the 112 emergency number and C2000 Public order and Safety (OOV) Justice and Security
Police Deployment B
Key databases on population and organisations B Digital government Public Administration The Interior and Kingdom Relations
Interconnectivity between key governmental databases B
Electronic messaging and information provision to citizens B
Identification and authentication of citizens and organisations B
Military deployment B Military deployment Armed Forces Defence Defence

The Netherlands' national infrastructure was (2005 definition) categorised by twelve critical sectors and 31 subsectors [40]:

  1. Energy: electric power, gas, and oil
  2. Telecommunications and IT: fixed and mobile communications, radio, broadcasting, internet, and postal and courier services
  3. Drinking water (supply)
  4. Food: food supply, and food safety
  5. Health: emergency and other hospital care, medicines, and vaccines
  6. Financial services: payments (bank retail), and financial transfers by the Administration
  7. Surface water: water quality and water quantity (stemming and managing)
  8. Public order and safety
  9. Legal order/justice: courts and detention, and law enforcement
  10. Public administration: diplomacy, information services by the Administration, defence, and decision-making
  11. Transport: mainport Schiphol, mainport Rotterdam, main road infrastructure, main inland shipping infrastructure, and rail infrastructure
  12. Chemical and nuclear industry: transport, storage, production, and processing of dangerous materials

Each critical sector falls under the responsibility of a designated ministry.

Vitale sector: Een publiek en/of private groep organisaties en bedrijven die producten, goederen of diensten leveren en/of beheren, die als kritisch zijn benoemd voor de handhaving van de vitale belangen of vitale infrastructuur van Nederland. [41]

North Macedonia

New Macedonia recognises five critical infrastructure sectors:

  1. Energy (production, transmission and distribution)
  2. Water supply
  3. Environment
  4. Macedonian radio and television, electronic and print media
  5. National bank of North Macedonia and other registered legal banking entities


Norway distinguishes six critical infrastructures and eleven critical societal functions. Critical infrastructures:

  1. Electric Power (kraft)
  2. Electronic communications (elektronisk kommunikasjon)
  3. Water supply and Sewage (vann og avløp)
  4. Transport (transport)
  5. Oil and Gas (olje og gass)
  6. Satellite-based infrastructure (satellittbasert kommunikasjon og navigasjon)

In 2006, three additional critical sectors existed, which have shifted to critical societal functions later [42]:

  1. Banking and Finance (bank og finans)
  2. Monuments and symbols (kulturminner og symboler)
  3. Food Supply (matforsyning)

Critical Societal Functions (Kritisk samfunnsfunksjon er det mest sentrale begrepet i definisjonsapparatet):

  1. Banking and Finance (bank og finans)
  2. Food Supply (matforsyning)
  3. Health Services, Social Services and Social Security Benefit (helse-, sosial- og trygdetjenester)
  4. Police (politi)
  5. Emergency and Rescue Services (nød- og redningstjeneste)
  6. Crisis Management (kriseledelse)
  7. Parliament and Government (storting og regjering)
  8. The Judiciary (domstolene)
  9. Defence (forsvaret)
  10. Environmental Surveillance (miljøovervåkning)
  11. Waste Treatment (renovasjon)


Critical Sector - Government systems, utility infrastructure (electricity, gas, and water), education, health, transport system (air, road, rail, and sea), emergency services, manufacturing facilities, banking and financial sector, telecommunication/ ICT sector, dams, etc. [43]

Papua New Guinea

Critical Infrastructure[44] at least:

  1. transportation
  2. communication systems
  3. water supply
  4. electricity supply
  5. banking services
  6. public institutions including health services, post offices and education services.


Poland distinguishes the following critical infrastructure sectors / functions: [45]

  1. Banking and financial systems (finansowe)
  2. Health (ratownicze)
  3. Communication and computer systems (łączności, sieci teleinformatycznych)
  4. Transport (transportowe)
  5. Rescue systems (ochrony zdrowia)
  6. Systems ensuring functioning of the public administration (zapewniające ciągłość działania administracji publicznej)
  7. Food and water provision systems (zaopatrzenia w żywność & zaopatrzenia w wodę)
  8. Energy and fuel provision systems (zaopatrzenia w energię, surowce energetyczne i paliwa)
  9. Systems that deal with the production, use, storage of chemical and radioactive substances, and also dangerous substance pipelines (produkcji, składowania, przechowywania i stosowania substancji chemicznych i promieniotwórczych, w tym rurociągi substancji niebezpiecznych)
  10. ensuring the continuity of public administration (zapewniające ciągłość działania administracji publicznej).


The critical sectors which comprise Qatar's national critical infrastructure include but are not restricted to [46] [47] :

  1. Energy, Electricity, and Water (قطاع الطاقة والكهرباء والماء)
  2. Finance (القطاع الما ي ل)
  3. Government (القطاع الحكومي)
  4. Healthcare (قطاع الرعاية الصحية)
  5. Information and Communications Technology (قطاع تكنولوجيا المعلومات والاتصالات)
  6. Transportation (قطاع النقل والمواصلات)

Republic of Korea

Nine critical sectors comprise the Republic of Korea's national critical infrastructure [48]:

  1. Energy
  2. Telecommunications
  3. Transportation
  4. Financials services
  5. Healthcare and medical services
  6. Nuclear energy
  7. Environment
  8. Government critical facilities
  9. Water Supply

Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

The national cyber security strategy recognizes the following critical (information) infrastructure sectors [49]:

  1. Banking and financial services
  2. Communications infrastructure
  3. Public health
  4. Public safety
  5. Public transportation
  6. Key infrastructure


Singapore recognises the following eight CI sectors: [50]

  1. Energy
  2. Banking and Finance
  3. Healthcare
  4. Transport (which includes Land, Maritime, and Aviation)
  5. Government
  6. Information and communication
  7. Media
  8. Security & Emergency Services


Critical infrastructure sector: part of the critical infrastructure, to be integrated into devices; sector may contain one or more sub-sectors.

Sektorom kritickej infraštruktúry časť kritickej infraštruktúry, do ktorej sa zaraďujú prvky; sektor môže obsahovať jeden alebo viac podsektorov kritickej infraštruktúry (ďalej len „podsektor“). [51]

Slovakia recognises nine critical sectors: [52]

  1. Energy (Energetika)
  2. Transport (Doprava)
  3. Food (Potraviny)
  4. Drinking water (Voda)
  5. Health (Zdravie)
  6. Financial sector (Finančný sector)
  7. Information and communication (Informačné a komunikačné technológie)
  8. Public Order and Internal Security (Verejný poriadok a vnútorná bezpečnosť)
  9. Industry (Priemysel)


Sectors Critical Infrastructure of the Republic of Slovenia [53]:

  1. Energy (more than 7 days to rehabilitate; power disruption for more than 100.000 people; interruption petroleum and gas products for more than a week affecting over 100.000 people and costs in the amount of 10 M Euro/day)
  2. Transportation (disable rail traffic on key routes for more than a couple of weeks and damages of 10 M Euro/day)
  3. Food (unable to provide basic food products for a week for over 100.000 people)
  4. Drinking water (unable to provide drinking water for a week for over 100.000 people)
  5. Health / Medical care (unable to provide emergency care and public health services for over 100.000 people)
  6. Finance (unable to provide money supply for more than 3 days in an area of more than 50,000 people)
  7. Environmental protection (pollution with a short-term harmful effect on the population in an area of over 50,000 people)
  8. Communications and Information Technologies


Spains' national infrastructure is currently categorised by twelve critical sectors[54]:

  1. Administration
  2. Chemical Industry
  3. Energy
  4. Financial and Tax System
  5. Food Supply Chain
  6. Health
  7. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)
  8. Nuclear Industry
  9. Research Laboratories
  10. Space
  11. Transport
  12. Water


Swedens' national infrastructure is currently categorised by eleven critical sectors providing a set of critical societal functions [55]:

  1. Energy Supply
  2. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)
  3. Financial Services
  4. Social Insurances
  5. Public Health, medical services and special social services
  6. Protection, Security and Safety
  7. Transport
  8. Municipal Services
  9. Food
  10. Trade and Industry
  11. Public Administration (governance, support functions, service sector)


Switzerlands' national infrastructure is currently categorised by ten critical sectors and 28 subsectors which are subcategorised very high critical, high critical and regular critical [56]:

  1. Energy: natural gas supply, oil supply, and power supply
  2. Financial services: banks, and insurance companies
  3. Information- & communication technologies (ICT): information technology, media, and telecommunication
  4. Industry: chemical and pharmaceutical industry, and mechanical and electrical engineering industries
  5. Public administration: foreign representations and headquarters of international organisations; national cultural property; parliament, government, justice, administration; research institutes
  6. Public health: medical care and hospitals; laboratories
  7. Public safety: armed forces, civil defense, emergency organizations (police, fire service, emergency medical service and rescue services)
  8. Transport: air transport, water transport, postal services, rail transport, road transport
  9. Water and food: food supply, drinking water supply
  10. Waste disposal: waste, waste water


Turkey's national infrastructure is currently categorised by six critical sectors [57] [58]:

  1. Electronic Communication (Elektronik Haberleşme)
  2. Energy (Enerji)
  3. Water management (Su Yönetimi)
  4. Critical Public Services (Kritik Kamu Hizmetleri)
  5. Transport (Ulaştırma)
  6. Banking and Finance (Bankacılık ve Finans)

which contain critical infrastructures pursuant to the Resolution No.2 of the Cyber Security Board dated 20/06/2013.

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates' national infrastructure is currently categorised by nine critical sectors [59] [60]:

  1. Energy (الطاقة)
  2. ICT (المعلومات الاتصالات وتقنية)
  3. Government (القطاع الحكومي)
  4. Electricy & Water (الكهرباء والمياه)
  5. Finance & Insurance (القطاع المالي والتأمين)
  6. Emergency Services (خدمات الطوارئ)
  7. Health Services (الخدمات الصحية)
  8. Transportation (المواصلات)
  9. Food & Agriculture (الغذاء والزراعة)

United Kingdom (UK)

UK's national infrastructure was categorised into nine sectors, but has been extended to 13 sectors [61]:

  1. communications (telecommunications, postal services, broadcast)
  2. emergency services (ambulance, fire & rescue, marine, police)
  3. energy (electricity, gas, fuel)
  4. financial services (payment, clearing & settlement systems, market & exchange, public finances)
  5. food (production, processing, import, distribution, retail)
  6. government (central government, devolved administration/functions, regional and local government, parliament)
  7. health (health & social care)
  8. transport (aviation, maritime, land) and water (portable water supply, waste water services, dams)
  9. defence
  10. coast guard
  11. chemicals
  12. civil nuclear
  13. space

United States

The 2009 NIPP [62] defines a sector as

a logical collection of assets, systems, or networks that provide a common function to the economy, government, or society.

Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21): Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience[63] identifies 16 critical infrastructure sectors:

  1. Chemical Sector
  2. Commercial Facilities Sector
  3. Communications Sector
  4. Critical Manufacturing Sector
  5. Dams Sector [64]
  6. Defense Industrial Base Sector
  7. Emergency Services Sector
  8. Energy Sector
  9. Financial Services Sector
  10. Food and Agriculture Sector
  11. Government Facilities Sector
  12. Healthcare and Public Health Sector
  13. Information Technology Sector
  14. Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste Sector
  15. Transportation Systems Sector
  16. Water and Wastewater Systems Sector

Each sector falls under the responsibility of a designated Sector-Specific Agency (SSA).


Critical Infrastructure Sectors[65]:

  1.  Information technology
  2. Telecommunications
  3. Chemical
  4. Transportation systems, including mass transit, aviation, maritime, ground/surface, and rail and pipeline systems
  5. Emergency services, and
  6. Postal and shipping.

Virgin Islands

The Virgin Islands defined [66] their CI as:

  1. road network,
  2. schools,
  3. community and emergency centres,
  4. police and fire stations,
  5. health facilities,
  6. public administration buildings,
  7. the financial centre,
  8. airports and major hotels;
  9. facilities and distribution systems for critical utilities including electricity, telecommunications and water as well as the sewerage system.

In addition to existing critical infrastructure, developable lands suited and air-marked for critical infrastructure must be considered.

Other Definitions


The Scotland Act 1998 identifies those areas which are reserved and devolved. The Scottish Government fulfills the role of the Sector sponsor department (SSDI in Scotland for those sectors or sub-sectors [67]:

  1. Defense Industrial Base Sector
  2. Emergency Services (with the exception of MCA Security, British Transport Police and the Security Service)
  3. Food
  4. Devolved Scottish Government Services
  5. Health
  6. Water
  7. Road Transport

See also


  1. 80200-1/2012/5 (2012)
  2. E. Brunner, M. Suter, International CIIP Handbook 2008/2009: An Inventory of 25 National and 7 International Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Policies, A. Wenger, V. Mauer, M. Dunn (Eds.), CRN Handbooks, Vol. 4, no. 1, Center for Security Studies (CSS), Zurich, Switzerland, September 2008.
  3. Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.
  4. Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the resilience of critical entities COM/2020/829 final
  5. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009.
  6. Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy
  7. APCIP
  8. Commonwealth Telecommunication Organisation, Critical Information Infrastructure Protection (CIIP) workshops 2014
  9. Service Public Fédéral Intérieur/Federale Overheidsdienst Binnenlandse Zaken F./N. 2011-1799; C-2011/00399 (2011)
  11. Public Safety Canada - Critical Infrastructure
  12. Chile Política Nacional de Ciberseguridad (2017)
  13. Chilean National Cybersecurity Policy (2017)
  14. Zakon o kritičnim infrastrukturama (Critical infrastructure act), 2013, in Official Gazette, No 56/2013 (Croat.)
  15. Crisis management act
  16. National Risk Profile, DEMA, 2013.
  17. Nationalt Risikobillede (NRB), Beredskabsstyrelsen, 2013.
  18. Glosario de Riesgo, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador
  19. Cyber Security Strategy, Min. of Defence, Tallinn (2008)
  20. Security Strategy for Society, Government Resolution 16.12.2010
  21. Yhteikunnan Turvallisuusstrategia, Valtioneuvoston periaatepäätös 16.12.2010
  23. Arrêté du 3 juillet 2008 portant modification de l’arrêté du 2 juin 2006 fixant la liste des secteurs d’activités d’importance vitale et désignant les ministres coordonnateurs desdits secteurs. JOURNAL OFFICIEL DE LA REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE N°0156 du 5 juillet 2008, NOR : PRMD0813724A.
  24. Arrêté du 2 juin 2006 fixant la liste des secteurs d’activités d’importance vitale et désignant les ministres coordonnateurs desdits secteurs. JOURNAL OFFICIEL DE LA REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE N°0129 du 4 juin 2006, NOR : PRMX0609332A
  25. Unpublished working glossary of UP KRITIS and BSI, 2014
  26. Republic of Ghana - National Cyber Security Policy & Strategy (2015)
  27. G.S.R 19 (E) dated 16.01.2014-Information Technology (National critical Information Infrastructure Protection centre and manner of performing function and duties) Rules, 2013
  28. Guidelines for the Protection of Critical Information Infrastructure, Version 1.0, June 2013. New Delhi: NCIIPC, p. 1.
  30. Melindungi Infrastruktur Kritis Nasional dari Serangan Cyber: Perspektif Kebijakan Ketahanan Nasional
  31. 重要インフラの情報セキュリティ対策に係る 第4次行動計画 (2018)
  32. The Cybersecurity Policy for Critical Infrastructure Protection (4th Edition) (Tentative Translation) (2018)
  33. Cyber Security Strategy (2013)
  34. Jersey's Digital Policy Framework (2016)
  35. الاستراتيجية الوطنية للأمن السيبراني لدولة الكويت (2017-2020)
  36. National Cyber Security Strategy 2017-2020
  37. Malaysia (2009)
  38. Voortgangsbrief Nationale Veiligheid 2016
  39. Factsheet Resilient critical infrastructure, NCTV, Netherlands
  40. Bescherming Vitale infrastructuur (2010)
  41. Handreiking Cybercrime (2012)
  42. Norwegian Official Report: Når sikkerhet er viktigst - Beskyttelse av landets kritiske infrastrukturer og kritiske samfunnsfunksjoner. Department of Justice and Public Security . NOU 2006:6
  43. National Cyber Security Policy 2021
  44. Papua New Guinea Criminal code act 2016
  46. QATAR National Cyber Security Strategy (May 2014)
  47. الاستراتيجية الوطنية للأمن السيبراني QATAR National Cyber Security Strategy - Arabic version (May 2014)
  48. Act on the Protection of Information and Communications Infrastructure. Korea Act No.11690, 2013.
  49. Government of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago, National Cyber Security Strategy (December 2012)
  50. (draft) Cybersecurity Bill 2017
  51. Act no. 45/ 2011 Col. On Critical Infrastructure
  52. Národný program pre ochranu a obranu kritickej infraštruktúry v Slovenskej republike
  53. Osnovni in sektorski kriteriji kritičnosti za določanje kritične infrastructure državnega pomena v Republiki Sloveniji (2012)
  54. CNPIC
  55. Action Plan for the Protection of Vital Societal Functions & Critical Infrastructure, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) (2014).
  56. The Swiss Programme on Critical Infrastructure Protection - factsheet
  57. Decree No. 2 on the Regulation Amending the Regulation on Military Forbidden Zones and Security Zones, 20-6-2013
  59. الاستراتيجية الوطنية للأمن السيبراني
  60. Cyber Security Strategy 2019
  61. CNI at Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI)
  62. National Infrastructure Protection Plan, Partnering to enhance protection and resiliency, US Department of Homeland Security, 2009
  63. Presidential Policy Directive -- Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience, PPD-21, 2013
  64. Note: The Dams Sector comprises dam projects, navigation locks, levees, hurricane barriers, mine tailings impoundments, and other similar water retention and/or control facilities. Dams are vital to the nation's infrastructure and provide a wide range of economic, environmental, and social benefits, including hydroelectric power, river navigation, water supply, flood control, and recreation.
  65. NIST Glossary - CNSSI 4009-2015 (NIST SP 800-30 Rev. 1) and NIST SP 800-30 (HSPD-7)
  66. The Virgin Islands Climate Change Green Paper Prepared by the Conservation and Fisheries Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Labour (2010)
  67. Secure and Resilient: A Strategic Framework for Critical National Infrastructure, 2011 in Scotland