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The OECD-EU classification identifies functional urban areas beyond city boundaries to reflect the economic geography of where people live and work...Defining urban areas as functional economic units can better guide the way national and city governments plan infrastructure, transportation, housing, schools, spaces for culture and recreation. 
The RESIN project  gives the following definition:
(Urban)...is a function of (1) sheer population size, (2) space (and land area), (3) the ration of population to space (density or concentration), and (4) economic and social organization 
- ↑ Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OECD) Redefining urban: A new way to measure metropolitan areas. Paris: OECD Publishing, 2012.
- ↑ http://www.resin-cities.eu/
- ↑ Weeks, J.R. Defining Urban Areas. In Rashed, T. and C. Jurgens (Eds.). Remote Sensing of Urban and Suburban Areas, Bd. 10. Dordecht, Springer Netherlands, pp. 33-45