The IMPROVER project  gives the following definition:
The definition included is the same as the one in ISO Guide 73. However, the standard notes:
The definition included is from a draft version of the standard which is still under development.
Note: Organizational resilience is a relative and dynamic concept rather than a specific activity or fixed state. The factors that enhance an organization’s resilience are unique to each organization. Organizations can only be more or less resilient and there is no absolute measure or definitive goal. Top management commitment to enhance organizational resilience will contribute to:
- an improved capacity to anticipate and respond to threats and opportunities;
- an ability to identify and address vulnerabilities before they have a material impact;
- a more coordinated approach to integrate existing management disciplines that support organizational resilience; and
- a greater understanding of interested parties and dependencies that support strategic goals and objectives.
- CBRN Resilience
- Community Resilience
- Cyber Resilience
- Economic Resilience
- Societal Resilience
- System Resilience
- Technological Resilience
- 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009.
- ISO Guide 73:2009 Risk management — Vocabulary
- ISO 28001:2001 Security management systems for the supply chain -- Development of Resilience in the supply chain -- Requirements with guidance for use.
- ISO 22316:2017 Security and resilience -- Organizational resilience -- Principles and attributes
- BS 65000:2014 Guidance on organizational resilience
- Vogus, T. J., & Sutcliffe, K. M. (2007). Organizational resilience: Towards a theory and research agenda. Conference Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 3418–3422.
- Paton, D.,& Hill, R. (2006). Managing Company Risk and Resilience Through Business Continuity Management. In D. Paton and D. Johnston (eds.). “Disaster Resilience: An Integrated Approach. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.
- Jung, K., & Song, M. (2015). Linking emergency management networks to disaster resilience: bonding and bridging strategy in hierarchical or horizontal collaboration networks. Quality & Quantity, 49(4), 1465–1483.
- Bruneau, M., Chang, S. E., Eguchi, R. T., Lee, G. C., O’Rourke, T. D., Reinhorn, A. M., … Von Winterfeldt, D. (2003). A Framework to Quantitatively Assess and Enhance the Seismic Resilience of Communities. Earthquake Spectra, 19(4), 733–752.
- McManus, S. (2008). Organisational Resilience in New Zealand. University of Catenbury. Retrieved from http://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream/10092/1574/1/thesis_fulltext.pdf
- Mallak, L. (1998). Putting Organisational Resilience to Work. Industrial Management, 40(6), 8–13.
- Losada, C., Scaparra, M. P., & O’Hanley, J. R. (2012). Optimizing system resilience: A facility protection model with recovery time. European Journal of Operational Research, 217(3), 519–530.