Incident

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Definitions

European Definitions

European Commission

‘Incident’ means an event compromising the availability, authenticity, integrity or confidentiality of stored, transmitted or processed data or of the services offered by, or accessible via, network and information systems. [1]


‘Incident’ means an event which has the potential to significantly disrupt, or that disrupts, the provision of an essential service, including when it affects the national systems that safeguard the rule of law. [2]


‘Incident’ means any event compromising the availability, authenticity, integrity or confidentiality of stored, transmitted or processed data or of the related services offered by, or accessible via, network and information systems. [3]


Incident means any event having the potential to disrupt, or that disrupts, the operations of the critical entity. [4]


Incident means any event having an actual adverse effect on the security of network and information systems. [5]


ENISA

Incident is an event that has been assessed as having an actual or potentially adverse effect on the security or performance of a system. [6]


Other International Definitions

National Definitions

Argentina

Incidente: Emergencia que requiere la implementación especial de planes en sus distintas fases, en coordinación con todos los servicios de emergencia y autoridades, que se circunscribe a un punto de impacto acotado, que puede implicar o no, un gran número de víctimas y daños en bienes materiales, y cuya respuesta no excede los medios operativos locales. [7]



Australia

Incident is an emergency event or series of events which requires a response from one or more of the statutory response agencies. [8]


Cyber incident is a single event or a series of events that threatens the integrity, availability or confidentiality of digital information. [9]



Austria

Austria

Sicherheitsvorfall“ ein Ereignis, das die Verfügbarkeit, Authentizität, Integrität oder Vertraulichkeit gespeicherter, übermittelter oder verarbeiteter Daten oder der Dienste, die über Netz- und Informationssysteme angeboten werden bzw. zugänglich sind, beeinträchtigt. [10]


„Sicherheitsvorfall“ ein Ereignis, das die Erbringung eines wesentlichen Dienstes erheblich stört oder stören könnte, einschließlich einer Beeinträchtigung der nationalen Systeme zur Wahrung der Rechtsstaatlichkeit. [11]


„Sicherheitsvorfall“ alle Ereignisse, die tatsächlich nachteilige Auswirkungen auf die Sicherheit von Netz- und Informationssystemen haben. [12]



Belgium

“Incident”: een gebeurtenis die de beschikbaarheid, authenticiteit, integriteit of vertrouwelijkheid van opgeslagen, verzonden of verwerkte gegevens of van de diensten die worden aangeboden door of toegankelijk zijn via netwerk- en informatiesystemen, in gevaar brengt. [13]

«Incident»: un événement compromettant la disponibilité, l’authenticité, l’intégrité ou la confidentialité des données stockées, transmises ou faisant l’objet d’un traitement, ou des services que les réseaux et systèmes d’information offrent ou rendent accessibles. [14]


“Incident”: elke gebeurtenis die het verlenen van een essentiële dienst aanzienlijk kan verstoren of verstoort, ook wanneer de gebeurtenis gevolgen heeft voor de nationale systemen die de rechtsstaat waarborgen. [15]

«Incident», un événement qui perturbe ou est susceptible de perturber de manière importante la fourniture d’un service essentiel, y compris lorsqu’il affecte les systèmes nationaux qui préservent l’état de droit. [16]


„Incident”: elke gebeurtenis met een daadwerkelijk schadelijk effect op de beveiliging van netwerk- en informatiesystemen. [17]


«Incident»: tout événement ayant un impact négatif réel sur la sécurité des réseaux et des systèmes d'information. [18]



Bulgaria

„инцидент“ означава събитие, което засяга отрицателно наличността, автентичността, цялостността или поверителността на съхранявани, пренасяни или обработвани данни или на услугите, предлагани или достъпни чрез мрежови и информационни системи. [19]


„инцидент“ означава всяко събитие, което може значително да наруши или което нарушава предоставянето на основна услуга, включително когато засяга националните системи, които гарантират принципите на правовата държава. [20]


„инцидент“ означава събитие, което има реално неблагоприятно въздействие върху сигурността на мрежите и информационните системи. [21]


Incident shall denote an unforeseeable or unlikely event, limited in terms of duration or spatial effect, with a high intensity of forces or caused by human activity, threatening the life or health of humans, property or the environment. [22]

Инцидент: е непредвидимо или трудно прогнозируемо, ограничено по време и пространство действие, с висока интензивност на сили или вследствие на човешка дейност, застрашаващо живота или здравето на хора, имуществото или околната среда. [23]



Burkina-Faso

Incident: un evènement inattendu. [24]



Canada

An event caused by either human action or a natural phenomenon that requires a response to prevent or minimize loss of life or damage to property or the environment and reduce economic and social losses.

Événement d’origine humaine ou causé par un phénomène naturel qui nécessite une intervention afin de prévenir ou de réduire au minimum les décès et les dommages aux biens et à l’environnement et de réduire les pertes économiques et sociales. [25]



Costa Rica

Incidente: Un suceso que real o potencialmente resulta en consecuencias adversas a efectos adversos que representa una amenaza para un sistema de información o la información que el sistema procesa, almacena o transmite y que puede requerir una acción de respuesta para mitigar las consecuencias. [26]



Croatia

„Izbjegnuti incident” znači svaki događaj koji je mogao ugroziti dostupnost, autentičnost, cjelovitost ili povjerljivost pohranjenih, prenesenih ili obrađenih podataka ili usluga koje mrežni i informacijski sustavi nude ili kojima omogućuju pristup, ali je uspješno spriječen ili se nije ostvario. [27]


„Incident” znači događaj koji bi mogao znatno poremetiti ili koji poremeti pružanje ključne usluge, među ostalim kada utječe na nacionalne sustave kojima se štiti vladavina prava. [28]


„Incident” znači bilo koji događaj koji ima stvaran negativni učinak na sigurnost mrežnih i informacijskih sustava. [29]



Cyprus

«περιστατικό»: κάθε συμβάν που θέτει σε κίνδυνο τη διαθεσιμότητα, την αυθεντικότητα, την ακεραιότητα ή το απόρρητο των δεδομένων που αποθηκεύονται, μεταδίδονται ή υποβάλλονται σε επεξεργασία ή των υπηρεσιών που προσφέρονται ή είναι προσβάσιμες μέσω συστημάτων δικτύου και πληροφοριών. [30]


«περιστατικό»: κάθε συμβάν που έχει τη δυνατότητα να διαταράξει σημαντικά ή που διαταράσσει την παροχή βασικής υπηρεσίας, μεταξύ άλλων όταν επηρεάζει τα εθνικά συστήματα που διαφυλάσσουν το κράτος δικαίου·. [31]


«συμβάν»: κάθε γεγονός που έχει στη πραγματικότητα μια δυσμενή επίπτωση στην ασφάλεια συστημάτων δικτύου και πληροφοριών [32]



Czech Republic

„Incidentem“ událost narušující dostupnost, autenticitu, integritu nebo důvěrnost uchovávaných, předávaných nebo zpracovávaných dat nebo služeb, které jsou nabízeny prostřednictvím sítí a informačních systémů nebo které jsou jejich prostřednictvím přístupné. [33]


„Incidentem“ událost, která může významně narušit nebo která narušuje poskytování základní služby, včetně případů, kdy ovlivňuje vnitrostátní systémy chránící právní stát. [34]


„Incidentem“ jakákoliv událost, která má reálný negativní dopad na bezpečnost sítí a informačních systémů. [35]


Incident: V prostředí ICT je incidentem myšlena událost, která je obvykle spojená s výpadkem sítě, služby nebo se zhoršením jejich kvality. [36]

Incident in the ICT environment assumed to be an event which is usually related to the outage of a network, service, or to a deterioration of its quality. [37]



Denmark

»Hændelse«: en begivenhed, der bringer tilgængeligheden, autenticiteten, integriteten eller fortroligheden af lagrede, overførte eller behandlede data eller af de tjenester, der tilbydes af eller er tilgængelige via net- og informations systemer, i fare. [38]


»Hændelse«: en begivenhed, der har potentiale til i betydelig grad at forstyrre, eller som forstyrrer, leveringen af en væsentlig tjeneste, herunder når den påvirker de nationale systemer, der sikrer retsstatsprincippe. [39]


»Hændelse«: enhver begivenhed, der har en egentlig negativ indvirkning på sikkerheden i net- og informationssystemer. [40]


Hændelser er ulykker (såsom brand, sammenstyrtning og udslip), der kan ske i relation til risikoobjekter og som kan føre til skader på personer, ejendom eller miljø. [41]



El Salvador

Incidente: Cualquier acción cometida en equipos de cómputo que tiene como resultado un efecto real o potencialmente adverso en un sistema de información y/o la información que existe en el mismo. [42]

Se refiere a cualquier acto que viole las políticas de seguridad de la información de la organización.

Estonia

„Intsidendioht“ – sündmus, mis oleks võinud kahjustada salvestatavate, edastatavate või töödeldavate andmete või võrgu- ja infosüsteemi kaudu pakutavate või juurdepääsetavate teenuste kättesaadavust, autentsust, terviklust ja konfidentsiaalsust, kuid mis õnnestus ära hoida või mis ei tekkinud. [43]


„Intsident“ – igasugune sündmus, mis võib oluliselt häirida või häirib elutähtsa teenuse osutamist, sealhulgas juhul, kui see mõjutab õigusriigi põhimõtteid kaitsvaid riiklikke süsteeme. [44]


„Intsident“– sündmus, mis tegelikult kahjustab võrgu- ja infosüsteemide turvalisust. [45]<



Finland

’Poikkeamalla’ tapahtumaa, joka vaarantaa verkko- ja tietojärjestelmissä tarjottavien tai niiden välityksellä saatavilla olevien tallennettujen, siirrettyjen tai käsiteltyjen tietojen taikka palvelujen saatavuuden, aitouden, eheyden tai luottamuksellisuuden. [46]


’Poikkeamalla’ tapahtumaa, joka voi merkittävästi häiritä tai joka häiritsee keskeisen palvelun tarjoamista, myös silloin, kun se vaikuttaa kansallisiin järjestelmiin, joilla ylläpidetään oikeusvaltiota. [47]


’Poikkeamalla’ mitä tahansa tapahtumaa, joka tosiasiassa vaikuttaa haitallisesti verkko- ja tietojärjestelmien turvallisuuteen. [48]


Häiriötilanne: uhka tai tapahtuma, joka vaarantaa yhteiskunnan elintärkeitä toimintoja ja jonka hallinta edellyttää viranomaisten ja muiden toimijoiden tavanomaista laajempaa tai tiiviimpää yhteistoimintaa ja viestintää.

Incident is a threat or an event which endangers vital operations of society and whose management requires wider or closer cooperation and communication than usual between the authorities and other actors. -unofficial translation- [49]



France

«Incident»: un événement compromettant la disponibilité, l’authenticité, l’intégrité ou la confidentialité des données stockées, transmises ou faisant l’objet d’un traitement, ou des services que les réseaux et systèmes d’information offrent ou rendent accessibles. [14]


«Incident», un événement qui perturbe ou est susceptible de perturber de manière importante la fourniture d’un service essentiel, y compris lorsqu’il affecte les systèmes nationaux qui préservent l’état de droit. [16]


«Incident»: tout événement ayant un impact négatif réel sur la sécurité des réseaux et des systèmes d'information. [50]



Germany

Sicherheitsvorfall“ ein Ereignis, das die Verfügbarkeit, Authentizität, Integrität oder Vertraulichkeit gespeicherter, übermittelter oder verarbeiteter Daten oder der Dienste, die über Netz- und Informationssysteme angeboten werden bzw. zugänglich sind, beeinträchtigt. [10]


„Sicherheitsvorfall“ ein Ereignis, das die Erbringung eines wesentlichen Dienstes erheblich stört oder stören könnte, einschließlich einer Beeinträchtigung der nationalen Systeme zur Wahrung der Rechtsstaatlichkeit. [11]


„Sicherheitsvorfall“ alle Ereignisse, die tatsächlich nachteilige Auswirkungen auf die Sicherheit von Netz- und Informationssystemen haben. [51]


Eine nicht geplante Unterbrechung eines IT Service oder eine Qualitätsminderung eines IT Service. [52]



Greece

«περιστατικό»: κάθε συμβάν που θέτει σε κίνδυνο τη διαθεσιμότητα, την αυθεντικότητα, την ακεραιότητα ή το απόρρητο των δεδομένων που αποθηκεύονται, μεταδίδονται ή υποβάλλονται σε επεξεργασία ή των υπηρεσιών που προσφέρονται ή είναι προσβάσιμες μέσω συστημάτων δικτύου και πληροφοριών. [30]


«περιστατικό»: κάθε συμβάν που έχει τη δυνατότητα να διαταράξει σημαντικά ή που διαταράσσει την παροχή βασικής υπηρεσίας, μεταξύ άλλων όταν επηρεάζει τα εθνικά συστήματα που διαφυλάσσουν το κράτος δικαίου·. [31]


«συμβάν»: κάθε γεγονός που έχει στη πραγματικότητα μια δυσμενή επίπτωση στην ασφάλεια συστημάτων δικτύου και πληροφοριών [53]



Hungary

„Esemény”: olyan esemény, amely veszélyezteti a hálózati és információs rendszereken tárolt, továbbított vagy kezelt adatok vagy az e rendszerek által kínált vagy azokon keresztül elérhető szolgáltatások rendelkezésre állását, hitelességét, sértetlenségét vagy bizalmasságát. [54]


„Esemény”: olyan esemény, amely alkalmas arra, hogy jelentős zavart okozzon, vagy amely zavart okoz valamely alapvető szolgáltatás nyújtásában, beleértve, amikor érinti a jogállamiság védelmét biztosító nemzeti rendszereket. [55]


„Biztonsági esemény”: minden olyan esemény, amely ténylegesen kedvezőtlen hatást gyakorol a hálózati és információs rendszerek biztonságára. [56]



Ireland

Ciallaíonn ‘teagmhas’ aon imeacht lena ndéantar infhaighteacht, barántúlacht, sláine nó rúndacht sonraí stóráilte, tarchurtha nó próiseáilte a chur i mbaol nó lena ndéantar infhaighteacht, barántúlacht, sláine nó rúndacht na seirbhísí a thairgtear, nó is féidir a rochtain, trí chórais gréasán agus faisnéise a chur i mbao. [57]


Ciallaíonn “teagmhas” eachtra a shuaitheann soláthar seirbhíse fíor-riachtanaí nó a d’fhéadfadh é a shuaitheadh go suntasach, lena n-áirítear nuair a dhéanann sé difear do na córais náisiúnta lena gcosnaítear an smacht reachta. [58]


‘Incident’ means any event having an actual adverse effect on the security of network and information systems. [59]



Italy

«Incidente»: un evento che compromette la disponibilità, l'autenticità, l'integrità o la riservatezza di dati conservati, trasmessi o elaborati o dei servizi offerti dai sistemi informatici e di rete o accessibili attraverso di essi. [60]


«Incidente»: un evento che può perturbare in modo significativo, o che perturba, la fornitura di un servizio essenziale, inclusi i casi in cui si ripercuote negativamente sui sistemi nazionali che salvaguardano lo Stato di diritto. [61]


«Incidente», ogni evento con un reale effetto pregiudizievole per la sicurezza della rete e dei sistemi informativi. [62]



Latvia

“Incidents” ir notikums, kas apdraud glabātu, pārsūtītu vai apstrādātu datu vai pakalpojumu, kurus piedāvā tīklu un informācijas sistēmas vai kuri pieejami ar tīklu un informācijas sistēmu starpniecību, pieejamību, autentiskumu, integritāti vai konfidencialitāti. [63]


“Incidents” ir jebkurš notikums, kas var būtiski traucēt vai traucē pamatpakalpojuma sniegšanu, tostarp, ja tas ietekmē valsts sistēmas, kas nodrošina tiesiskumu. [64]


“Incidents” ir jebkāds notikums, kas faktiski nelabvēlīgi ietekmē tīklu un informācijas sistēmu drošību. [65]



Lithuania

Incidentas – įvykis, kuriuo sukeliamas pavojus saugomų, perduodamų arba tvarkomų duomenų arba paslaugų, teikiamų arba prieinamų per tinklų ir informacines sistemas, prieinamumui, autentiškumui, vientisumui arba konfidencialumui. [66]


Incidentas – įvykis, kuris gali stipriai sutrikdyti, arba kuris sutrikdo, esminės paslaugos teikimą, be kita ko, kai tai daro poveikį nacionalinėms sistemoms, apsaugančioms teisinę valstybę. [67]


Incidentas– įvykis, turintis faktinį neigiamą poveikį tinklų ir informacinių sistemų saugumui. [68]


Incident shall mean an event, act or omission which gives rise or may give rise to an unauthorized access to an information system or electronic communications network, disruption or change of the operation (including takeover of control) of an information system or electronic communications network, destruction, damage, deletion or the change of electronic information, removal or limiting of the possibility to use electronic information and, also, which gives rise or may give rise to the appropriation, publication, dissemination or any other use of non-public electronic information by persons unauthorized to do so. [69]

(Cyber incident) Kibernetinis incidentas – įvykis ar veika, kuri sukelia ar gali sukelti neteisėtą prisijungimą ar sudaryti sąlygas neteisėtai prisijungti prie informacinės sistemos, elektroninių ryšių tinklo ar pramoninių procesų valdymo sistemos, sutrikdyti ar pakeisti, įskaitant valdymo perėmimą, informacinės sistemos, elektroninių ryšių tinklo ar pramoninių procesų valdymo sistemos veikimą, sunaikinti, sugadinti, ištrinti ar pakeisti elektroninę informaciją, panaikinti ar apriboti galimybę naudotis elektronine informacija, taip pat sudaryti sąlygas pasisavinti ar kitaip panaudoti neviešą elektroninę informaciją tokios teisės neturintiems asmenims. [70]



Luxembourg

«Incident»: un événement compromettant la disponibilité, l’authenticité, l’intégrité ou la confidentialité des données stockées, transmises ou faisant l’objet d’un traitement, ou des services que les réseaux et systèmes d’information offrent ou rendent accessibles. [14]


«Incident», un événement qui perturbe ou est susceptible de perturber de manière importante la fourniture d’un service essentiel, y compris lorsqu’il affecte les systèmes nationaux qui préservent l’état de droit. [16]


«Incident»: tout événement ayant un impact négatif réel sur la sécurité des réseaux et des systèmes d'information. [71]


Incident: Situation qui peut être, ou conduire à, une perturbation, une perte, une urgence ou une crise. [72]



Malta

Inċident tfisser avveniment li jikkomprometti d-disponibbiltà, l-awtentiċità, l-integrità jew il-kunfidenzjalità tad-data maħżuna, trażmessa jew ipproċessata jew tas-servizzi offruti minn networks u sistemi tal-informazzjoni, jew aċċessibbli permezz tagħhom. [73]


"Inċident" tfisser avveniment li għandu l-potenzjal li jfixkel b'mod sinifikanti, jew li jfixkel, il-forniment ta' servizz essenzjali, inkluż meta jaffettwa s-sistemi nazzjonali li jissalvagwardjaw l-istat tad-dritt. [74]


“Inċident” tfisser kwalunkwe avveniment li proprju għandu effett negattiv fuq is-sigurtà tan-netwerks u tas-sistemi tal-informazzjoni. [75]



Mexico

Incidente: Toda aquella situación anómala, que suele coincidir con situaciones que quedan controladas. [76]



Netherlands

“Incident”: een gebeurtenis die de beschikbaarheid, authenticiteit, integriteit of vertrouwelijkheid van opgeslagen, verzonden of verwerkte gegevens of van de diensten die worden aangeboden door of toegankelijk zijn via netwerk- en informatiesystemen, in gevaar brengt. [13]


“Incident”: elke gebeurtenis die het verlenen van een essentiële dienst aanzienlijk kan verstoren of verstoort, ook wanneer de gebeurtenis gevolgen heeft voor de nationale systemen die de rechtsstaat waarborgen. [15]


Een incident is een gebeurtenis waarbij informatie, informatiesystemen of -diensten verstoord worden, uitvallen of misbruikt worden. [77]


Incident: Onder incident wordt verstaan elke gebeurtenis, die niet tot de standaardoperatie van een IT-service behoort en die een interruptie in of een vermindering van de kwaliteit van die service kan veroorzaken. [78]


„Incident”: elke gebeurtenis met een daadwerkelijk schadelijk effect op de beveiliging van netwerk- en informatiesystemen. [79]


Incident is een ongewenste gebeurtenis die tot schade - financieel of anderszins - heeft geleid.

An incident is an unwanted event which has caused financial or other damage. [80]

Een (cyber) incident is een ICT-verstoring in de dienstverlening waardoor de te verwachten beschikbaarheid van de dienstverlening geheel of gedeeltelijk is verdwenen en/of het ongeoorloofd openbaren, verkrijgen en/of wijzigen van informatie. [81]


[HEALTH sector] Incident: Een onbedoelde gebeurtenis tijdens het zorgproces die tot schade aan de patiënt heeft geleid of zou kunnen leiden. [82]



New Zealand

Incident is (1) an occurrence that needs a response from one or more agencies (it may or may not be an emergency); (2) the first official level of agency response. [83]



Oman

An incident as an adverse network event in an information system or network or the threat of the occurrence of such an event. [84]



Philippines

Incident:
(a) An assessed occurrence that actually or potentially jeopardizes the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system; or the information the system processes, stores, or transmits; or
(b) that constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of security policies, security procedures, or acceptable usepolicies. [85]



Poland

„Incydent” oznacza zdarzenie naruszające dostępność, autentyczność, integralność lub poufność przechowywanych, przekazywanych lub przetwarzanych danych lub usług oferowanych przez sieci i systemy informatyczne lub dostęp nych za ich pośrednictwem. [86]


„Incydent” oznacza każde zdarzenie, które może znacząco zakłócić lub które zakłóca świadczenie usługi kluczowej, w tym gdy wpływa ono na krajowe systemy chroniące praworządność. [87]


Incydent – każde zdarzenie, które ma lub może mieć niekorzystny wpływ na cyberbezpieczeństwo. [88]


incydent krytyczny [Critical incident] – incydent skutkujący znaczną szkodą dla bezpieczeństwa lub porządku publicznego, interesów międzynarodowych, interesów gospodarczych, działania instytucji publicznych, praw i wolności obywatelskich lub życia i zdrowia ludzi, klasyfikowany przez właściwy CSIRT MON, CSIRT NASK lub CSIRT GOV. [88]


Incydent poważny [Serious incident] – incydent, który powoduje lub może spowodować poważne obniżenie jakości lub przerwanie ciągłości świadczenia usługi kluczowej. [88]


Incydent istotny [Significant incident] – incydent, który ma istotny wpływ na świadczenie usługi cyfrowej w rozumieniu art. 4 rozporządzenia wykonawczego Komisji (UE) 2018/151 z dnia 30 stycznia 2018 r. ustawiającego zasady stosowania dyrektywy Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady (UE) 2016/1148 w odniesieniu do dalszego doprecyzowania elementów, jakie mają być uwzględnione przez dostawców usług cyfrowych w zakresie zarządzania istniejącymi ryzykami dla bezpieczeństwa sieci i systemów informatycznych, oraz parametrów służących do określenia, czy incydent ma istotny wpływ (Dz. Urz. UE L 26 z 31.01.2018, str. 48), zwanego dalej „rozporządzeniem wykonawczym 2018/151”. [88]


„Incydent” oznacza każde zdarzenie, które ma rzeczywiście niekorzystny wpływ na bezpieczeństwo sieci i systemów informatycznych. [89]



Portugal

«Incidente», um evento que ponha em causa a disponibilidade, a autenticidade, a integridade ou a confidencialidade de dados armazenados, transmitidos ou tratados ou dos serviços oferecidos por sistemas de rede e informação ou acessíveis por intermédio destes. [90]


«Incidente», um evento que perturbe ou tenha potencial para perturbar significativamente a prestação de um serviço essencial, inclusive quando afetar os sistemas nacionais que salvaguardam o Estado de direito. [91]


«Incidente», um evento com um efeito adverso real na segurança das redes e dos sistemas de informação. [92]


[Definição] Incidente: (1) Um evento com um efeito adverso real na segurança das redes e dos sistemas de informação; (2) Ações tomadas através da utilização de uma rede de computadores que que resultam num efeito atual ou potencialmente adverso sobre um sistema de informação e/ou a informação aí armazenada. [93]



Romania

„Incident” înseamnă un eveniment care compromite disponibilitatea, autenticitatea, integritatea sau confidențialitatea datelor stocate, transmise sau prelucrate ori a serviciilor oferite de rețele și sisteme informatice sau accesibile prin intermediul acestora. [94]


„Incident” înseamnă orice eveniment care are potențialul de a perturba în mod semnificativ sau care perturbă furnizarea unui serviciu esențial, inclusiv atunci când afectează sistemele naționale care protejează statul de drept. [95]


„Incident” înseamnă orice eveniment care are un efect real negativ asupra securității rețelelor și a sistemelor informatice. [96]



Serbia

инцидент је унутрашња или спољна околност или догађај којим се угрожава или нарушава информациона безбедност. [97]



Singapore

An event that occurs by chance or due to a combination of unforeseen circumstances, which, if not handled in an appropriate manner, can escalate into an emergency or disaster. [98]

An incident precedes an emergency or disaster.

Slovakia

„Incident“ je udalosť ohrozujúca dostupnosť, pravosť, integritu alebo dôvernosť uchovávaných, prenášaných alebo spracúvaných údajov alebo služieb poskytovaných alebo prístupných prostredníctvom sietí a informačných systémov. [99]


„Incident“ je udalosť, ktorá môže významne narušiť alebo skutočne narúša poskytovanie základnej služby, a to aj vtedy, keď ovplyvňuje vnútroštátne systémy, ktoré chránia právny štát;. [100]


„Incident“ je každá udalosť, ktorá má skutočne nepriaznivý vplyv na bezpečnosť sietí a informačných systémov. [101]



Slovenia

„Incident“ pomeni dogodek, ki ogroža razpoložljivost, avtentičnost, celovitost ali zaupnost shranjenih, prenesenih ali obdelanih podatkov ali storitev, ki jih ti omrežni in informacijski sistemi zagotavljajo ali so prek njih dostopni. [102]


„Incident“ pomeni dogodek, ki bi lahko povzročil pomembne motnje ali ki povzroči motnje v opravljanju bistvene storitve, tudi kadar vpliva na nacionalne sisteme, ki varujejo pravno državo. [103]


„Incident“ pomeni vsak dogodek, ki ima dejanski negativen učinek na varnost omrežij in informacijskih sistemov. [104]


Mimoriadna udalosť: Závažná, časovo ťažko predvídateľná a priestorovo ohraničená príhoda spôsobená vplyvom živelnej pohromy, technickej alebo technologickej havárie, prevádzkovej poruchy, prípadne úmyselného konania človeka, ktorá vyvolala narušenie stability systému alebo prebiehajúcich dejov a činností, ohrozuje životy a zdravie osôb, hmotné a kultúrne statky či životné prostredie. [105]



Spain

«Incidente»: todo hecho que comprometa la disponibilidad, autenticidad, integridad o confidencialidad de los datos almacenados, transmitidos o tratados, o los servicios ofrecidos por sistemas de redes y de información o accesibles a través de ellos. [106]


«Incidente»: un acontecimiento que tiene el potencial de perturbar significativamente, o que perturbe, la prestación de un servicio esencial, en particular cuando afecte a los sistemas nacionales que salvaguardan el Estado de Derecho. [107]


«Incidente»: todo hecho que tenga efectos adversos reales en la seguridad de las redes y sistemas de información. [108]



Sweden

Incident: en händelse som undergräver tillgängligheten, autenticiteten, riktigheten eller konfidentialiteten hos lagrade, överförda eller behandlade uppgifter eller hos de tjänster som erbjuds genom eller är tillgängliga via nätverks- och informationssystem. [109]


Incident varje händelse som kan medföra en betydande störning, eller som medför en störning, av tillhandahållandet av en samhällsviktig tjänst, inbegripet när den påverkar de nationella system som skyddar rättsstatens principer. [110]


Incident : en händelse med en faktisk negativ inverkan på säkerheten i nätverks- och informationssystem. [111]


Switzerland

Ein Ereignis ist ein Geschehen, dessen Auswirkungen beobachtbar sind. [112]

Un événement est un fait ayant des conséquences observables. [113]

L’evento è un avvenimento con conseguenze accertabili. [114]


Cyber incident: An intentional or unintentional event which, in cyberspace, results in a process that may adversely affect the integrity, confidentiality or availability of data and information and may lead to malfunctions. [115]

Cyber-Vorfall: Beabsichtigtes oder unbeabsichtigtes Ereignis, das im CyberRaum zu einem Vorgang führt, der die Integrität, Vertraulichkeit oder Verfügbarkeit von Daten und Informationen beeinträchtigt und zu Fehlfunktionen führen kann. [116]

Cyberincident: Événement voulu ou non qui conduit à un processus nuisant à l’intégrité, la confidentialité ou la disponibilité de données et d’informations et pouvant occasionner des défauts de fonctionnement. [117]

Incidente informatico: Evento intenzionale o fortuito che causa un processo nel cyberspazio che può compromettere l’integrità, l’accessibilità o la confidenzialità di dati e informazioni e può causare malfunzionamenti. [118]


Tanzania

Incident: An occurrence or event, either human-caused or by natural phenomena, that requires action by emergency response personnel to prevent or minimise loss of life or damage to property and/or natural resources. [119]



United States

DHS
Incident is an occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomenon, that may cause harm and require action, which can include major disasters, emergencies, terrorist attacks, terrorist threats, wild and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials spills, nuclear accidents, aircraft accidents, earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, tropical storms, war-related disasters, public health and medical emergencies, cyber attacks, cyber failure/accident, and other occurrences requiring an emergency response. [120]


White House
Cyber incident: An event occurring on or conducted through a computer network that actually or imminently jeopardizes the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of computers, information or communications systems or networks, physical or virtual infrastructure controlled by computers or information systems, or information resident thereon. [121]

For purposes of this directive, a cyber incident may include a vulnerability in an information system, system security procedures, internal controls, or implementation that could be exploited by a threat source.

Financial Stability Board
Cyber incident: is defined as a cyber event that jeopardizes the cybersecurity of an information system or the information the system processes, stores, or transmits; or an event that violates security policies, procedures, or acceptable use policies, whether resulting from malicious activity or not. [122]


FISMA
Incident is an occurrence that (A) actually or imminently jeopardizes, without lawful authority, the integrity, confidentiality, or availability of information or an information system; or (B) constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of law, security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies. [123]

FISMA also uses the terms “security incident” and “information security incident” in place of incident.

NIST
A violation or imminent threat of violation of computer security policies, acceptable use policies, or standard security practices. [124]

This document points to several ICT-related definitions of incident.

NFPA-1600
An event that has the potential to cause interruption, disruption, loss, emergency, crisis, disaster, or catastrophe. [125]


DoD
Incident is an occurrence, caused by either human action or natural phenomena, that requires action to prevent or minimize loss of life, or damage, loss of, or other risks to property, information, and/or natural resources. [126]


US-CERT
Incident is an event (or series of events) that significantly affects (or has the potential to significantly affect) organizational assets and services and requires the organization (and possibly other stakeholders) to respond in some way to prevent or limit adverse impacts. [127]


NIST
Incident:  An occurrence that actually or potentially jeopardizes the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system or the information the system processes, stores, or transmits or that constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies. (from: NIST SP 800-128) [128]


Incident:  A violation or imminent threat of violation of computer security policies, acceptable use policies, or standard security practices. (from: NIST SP 800-61 Rev 2) [128]


Incident: An occurrence that results in actual or potential jeopardy to the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an information system or the information the system processes, stores, or transmits or that constitutes a violation or imminent threat of violation of security policies, security procedures, or acceptable use policies. (from: CNSSI 4009-2015 [128]


Standard Definitions

ISO/PAS 22399:2007

Event that might be, or could lead to, an operational interruption, disruption, loss, emergency or crisis. [129]


ISO 22300:2012(en)

Situation that might be, or could lead to, a disruption, loss, emergency or crisis.[130] [131]



Other Definitions

Ontario (Canada)

Incident is an occurrence or event that requires an emergency response to protect people, property, the environment, the economy and/or services. [132]

Incident: Événement qui exige une intervention d'urgence afin de protéger les personnes, les biens, l’environnement, l’économie ou les services. [132]


Dictionary

Incident: Gebeurtenis of actie waarbij de beveiliging van hardware, software, informatie, een proces of organisatie mogelijk in gevaar is gebracht of geheel of gedeeltelijk is doorbroken. [133]



See also

Notes

References

  1. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2022/2555/oj DIRECTIVE (EU) 2022/2555 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 December 2022 on measures for a high common level of cybersecurity across the Union, amending Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 and Directive (EU) 2018/1972, and repealing Directive (EU) 2016/1148 (NIS 2 Directive) [EN]
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