Technology Radar

Full NameAcronymGeneral CategoryPurposeDescriptionRelevant WPAvailable Implementation(s)
Open Policy AgentOPAPolicy-based control for cloud native environments3.3.3Alternatives: Pulumi Crossguard, Kyverno
Terminology ServiceDienstService that will be integrated in the FAIR-DS demonstratorsThe Terminology Service of TIB – Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology and University Library is a single-point-of-entry web-service providing access to terms from generic and domain-specific controlled vocabularies and ontologies. TIB Central Terminology Service is the backbone of all the Terminology Services presented by TIB. It hosts and stores the terminologies of various research communities mainly through this web site. 3.6
Sovereign Cloud StackSCSModular Open Source Software Stack to provide Infra Mgmt, IaaS, CaaS, KaaS, PaaS. Standard implementation for GAIA-X compliant nodes and basic services.3.2
SNOMED CTOntologyTerminology used by NFDI4HealthSNOMED CT based clinical information benefits individual patients and clinicians as well as populations while supporting evidence-based care.3.6
LOINCTerminology used by NFDI4HealthLOINC is a common language (set of identifiers, names, and codes) for identifying health measurements, observations, and documents. If you think of an observation as a "question" and the observation result value as an "answer."3.6
ICD-10-GMTerminology used by NFDI4HealthDie Internationale statistische Klassifikation der Krankheiten und verwandter Gesundheitsprobleme, 10. Revision, German Modification (ICD-10-GM) ist die amtliche Klassifikation zur Verschlüsselung von Diagnosen in der ambulanten und stationären Versorgung in Deutschland.3.6
OrphaNetTerminology used by NFDI4HealthOrphanet is the international reference knowledge base for rare diseases and orphan drugs. Orphanet provides freely-accessible information on rare diseases with the aim of helping improve the diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with rare diseases.3.6
Human Phenotype OntologyHPOOntologyTerminology used by NFDI4HealthThe Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides a standardized vocabulary of phenotypic abnormalities encountered in human disease. Each term in the HPO describes a phenotypic abnormality, such as Atrial septal defect.3.6
Operationen- und ProzedurenschlüsselOPSTerminology used by NFDI4HealthThe German procedure classification (Operationen- und Prozedurenschlüssel - OPS) is the official classification for the encoding of operations, procedures and general medical measures. The currently valid version is OPS 2021.3.6
Unified Code for Units of MeasureUCUMTerminology used by NFDI4HealthThe Unified Code for Units of Measure (UCUM) is a code system intended to include all units of measures being contemporarily used in international science, engineering, and business. The purpose is to facilitate unambiguous electronic communication of quantities together with their units. The focus is on electronic communication, as opposed to communication between humans. A typical application of The Unified Code for Units of Measure are electronic data interchange (EDI) protocols, but there is nothing that prevents it from being used in other types of machine communication.

UCUM support EDI protocols for the quantities and units in the domains of knowledge specified in ISO 80000 standards parts 2-14 above
OpenSCENARIOOntologyTerminology used by NFDI4Ing3.6
OpenDRIVEOntologyTerminology used by NFDI4Ing3.6
CoscineSoftwarePlattform for research data management, especially metadata management and quota management3.5, 3.6
GitLabSoftwarePlattform used in AP 4.2GitLab is a complete DevOps platform delivered as a single application, fundamentally transforming the way development, security, ops, and product teams collaborate. Build, test, and deploy software faster with just one solution.4.2
Metadata for MachinesM4MSet of practices to implement machine readible FAIR metadataTypically, the FAIRification process begins when a community of practice considers its domain-relevant metadata requirements and other policy considerations, and formulates these considerations as machine-actionable metadata components. These considerations can be guided in Metadata for Machines (M4M) Workshops.3.4
FAIR Implementation ProfileFIPDocumentation guideline for Interfaces that provide FAIR DataThe re-usable metadata schemata produced in the M4M compose part of the larger FAIR Implementation Profile (FIP).3.4
FAIR Data PointFDPSpecificationSpecification for FAIR data and metadata exchange based on existing (web) standardsA FAIR Data Point (sometimes abbreviated to FDP) is the realisation of the vision of a group of authors of the original paper on FAIR on how (meta)data could be presented on the web using existing standards, and without the need of APIs.

A FAIR Data Point ultimately stores information about data sets, which is the definition of metadata. And just like the webserver in the WWW in the beginning of the 1990s brought the power of publishing text to anyone, a FAIR data point aims to give anyone the power of putting their own data on the web.

The system is called a FAIR data point because it takes care of a lot of the issues that need to be taken care of to make data FAIR; especially with the metadata needed for Findability and Reusability, and a uniform open way of Accessing the data. The FAIR data point also addresses the Interoperability of the metadata it stores, but it leaves the Interoperability aspects for the data itself to the data provider.
3.4, 3.6
Linked Data PlatformLDPW3C Standard for exchange of Linked Data and Binary Data, likely to be used by NFDI4Ing
DFN-AAIAAI-Federation of German Higher Education and Research Facilities3.5
edugain-AAIAAI-Federation of Worldwise Higher Education and Research Facilities3.5
Research Organization RegistryRORRegistry with PIDs for Research Organizations3.5
Open Researcher and Contributor IDORCIDRegistry with PIDs for researchers, can be used as Open ID provider3.5
IDSA Dataspace ConnectorDSCSoftwareConnector for participation in dataspacesNOTE: The DSC will be migrated to the Eclipse Dataspace Connector in the future

The Eclipse Dataspace Connector provides a framework for sovereign, inter-organizational data exchange. It will implement the International Data Spaces standard (IDS) as well as relevant protocols associated with GAIA-X. The connector is designed in an extensible way in order to support alternative protocols and integrate in various ecosystems.
Eclipse Dataspace ConnectorEDCSoftwareConnector for participation in dataspacesThe Eclipse Dataspace Connector provides a framework for sovereign, inter-organizational data exchange. It will implement the International Data Spaces standard (IDS) as well as relevant protocols associated with GAIA-X. The connector is designed in an extensible way in order to support alternative protocols and integrate in various ecosystems.3
EOSC Datasets Minimum InformationEOSC-EDMIOntologieDataset metadata vocabulary used in EOSCA minimum information metadata guideline to help users and services to find and access datasets reusing existing data models and interfaces.3.1
IDS Information ModelOntologieInformation model for the International Data Spaces3.1
Grant agreement ID: FAIRDS05