Difference between revisions of "Blackout"

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==Definitions==
 
==Definitions==
<!--=== European Definitions ===
+
=== European Definitions ===
 +
====[[European Commission]]====
 +
{{definition|‘blackout state’ means the system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
===== [[ENTSO-E]] =====
 +
{{definition|Blackout shall mean interruption of electricity generation, transmission, distribution and consumption processes, when operation of the power system or a part thereof is terminated. <ref name="ENTSO-E">[https://emr.entsoe.eu/glossary/bin/view/GlossaryCode/GlossaryIndex ENTSO-E Glossary of Terms]</ref>}} <br/>
 +
{{definition|Blackout ''state'': The system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. <ref name="ENTSO-E">[https://emr.entsoe.eu/glossary/bin/view/GlossaryCode/GlossaryIndex ENTSO-E Glossary of Terms]</ref>}} <br/>
  
 +
===== [[EU]] JRC =====
 +
{{definition|Blackout is a short- or long-term loss of the electric power to an area. <ref name="JRC">[http://ses.jrc.ec.europa.eu/node/305 Definition of an assessment framework for projects of common interest in the field of smart grids, 2014]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
=== National Definitions ===
 +
==== [[Austria]] ====
 +
{{definition|„Blackout-Zustand“ („Schwarzfall-Zustand“) bezeichnet den Netzzustand, in dem der Betrieb des Übertragungsnetzes ganz oder teilweise eingestellt ist. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Belgium]] ====
 +
{{definition|„black-outtoestand”: toestand van het systeem wanneer het gehele transmissiesysteem of een deel daarvan niet meer werkt. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
{{definition|«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Brazil]] ====
 +
{{definition|Blecaute (Apagão) - Falta generalizada de energia em uma determinada região. <ref>[http://www.abradee.com.br/setor-eletrico/glossario-do-setor-eletrico  Instituto Abradee de Energia (ABRADEE) Glossario]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Bulgaria]] ====
 +
{{definition|„състояние на прекъсване на електроснабдяването“ означава състоянието на системата, в което експлоатацията на част или на цялата преносна система е прекратена. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Croatia]] ====
 +
{{definition|„raspad sustava” znači stanje sustava u kojem prestane raditi dio prijenosnog sustava ili cijeli prijenosni sustav. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Cyprus]] ====
 +
{{definition|«κατάσταση γενικής διακοπής»: η κατάσταση του συστήματος κατά την οποία έχει τερματιστεί η λειτουργία μέρους ή του συνόλου του συστήματος μεταφοράς· <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Czech Republic]] ====
 +
{{definition|„stavem blackoutu“ stav soustavy, při kterém je provoz části nebo celé přenosové soustavy znemožněn. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Denmark]] ====
 +
{{definition|»blackout-tilstand«: den systemtilstand, hvor driften af en del af eller hele transmissionssystemet er afbrudt. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Estonia]] ====
 +
{{definition|„kustunud seisund“– süsteemi seisund, mille korral kas osa või kogu ülekandesüsteemi talitlus seiskub. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Finland]] ====
 +
{{definition|’suurhäiriöllä’ järjestelmän tilaa, jossa siirtoverkon osa tai koko siirtoverkko on lakannut toimimasta. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[France]] ====
 +
{{definition|«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Germany]] ====
 +
{{definition|„Blackout-Zustand“ („Schwarzfall-Zustand“) bezeichnet den Netzzustand, in dem der Betrieb des Übertragungsnetzes ganz oder teilweise eingestellt ist. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Greece]] ====
 +
{{definition|«κατάσταση γενικής διακοπής»: η κατάσταση του συστήματος κατά την οποία έχει τερματιστεί η λειτουργία μέρους ή του συνόλου του συστήματος μεταφοράς· <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Hungary]] ====
 +
{{definition|„blackout állapot”: a rendszer olyan állapota, amelyben megszűnik az átviteli rendszer egy részének vagy egészének a működése. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Ireland]] ====
 +
{{definition|‘blackout state’ means the system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Italy]] ====
 +
{{definition|«stato di blackout», stato del sistema in cui è interrotto l'esercizio del sistema di trasmissione o di parte di esso. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
{{definition|Blackout - Interruzione, in genere imprevista e imposta dall'emergenza, nell'erogazione di energia elettrica; blocco di un impianto o di un servizio (blackout elettrrico, blackout telefonico, blackout televisivo). <ref>[http://www.regione.sicilia.it/presidenza/protezionecivile/comitatoregionale/glossario/pdf/Glossario_Protezione_Civile.pdf GLOSSARIO DI PROTEZIONE CIVILE Regione Sicilia]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
==== [[Latvia]] ====
 +
{{definition|“nodzisuma stāvoklis” ir sistēmstāvoklis, kad ir pilnībā vai daļēji izbeigta pārvades sistēmas darbība. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Lithuania]] ====
 +
{{definition|Visiško atsijungimo būsena– elektros sistemos būsena, kai visos perdavimo sistemos ar jos dalies eksploatavimas yra nutrauktas. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Luxembourg]] ====
 +
{{definition|«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Malta]] ====
 +
{{definition|“stat ta' blekawt” tfisser l-istat tas-sistema li fih jieqaf l-operat ta' parti mis-sistema ta' trażmissjoni jew tas-sistema kollha ta' trażmissjoni. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Netherlands]] ====
 +
{{definition|„black-outtoestand”: toestand van het systeem wanneer het gehele transmissiesysteem of een deel daarvan niet meer werkt. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
{{definition|Black-out is een storingssituatie waarbij (een deel van) één of meerdere netten spanningsloos is. <ref>[http://nbn-assets.netbeheernederland.nl/32768/?k=aHyn8n3Kk9ch_GFgG7TdJk-DFCl-ZaBOna0WUSvqYBfhdggUuSR_pbVF6YbO6SYcWv6IjNhu4-uQCkkVTjXFiJaPWY1T_KytQrYJnnVLQdYOeBw6hGWkqpyZOGTKnhpin2aQD8CS6v3rtlya3Jx2X_4JEd2NV9RcbJaN_CQNppERAvqLFctIKjWN6FCgb6bQ56M9wRdgH5N_ssdkN5VHiiiK6_ZuXzgJEzLIG9gDOALQ-Q8-qCt9dum54l-RAToBRuYVOflju8sh970jmgi1Z4wMxr9fAAxTPAw2waJPthSws_mU4WSE2o_zQu5pngCCqxkkXbGnQCBxf7ReaJ9nHvl9fvRU8igWz9hM6pCl4PdozRoAxHMhmvmO4hRsAm62sr2mdqFlfOQGYLAmwO1cNP0zZo0tnLQm6lynS5ttBEyGsUoFNrBtf81Ad74MUCo3dlTQsMKVtbrEIjR3jrrwpsJgMMy1rhG4WwmtnF-aLqLSBB8YlAcx5Hw8xBPc588OK4LMTuKWfP7DxhaAYsxEvmhUbWERFjdLVSt84PqWMhku-7UTrSlJkJXaEcH604V_V63bOwbfBNVuEv5K2kC3IPvdyjx3rSKO0ASWo4AnLbbrHfSa88uqeVQek1JlAWrs9AlSJMF7a-RtD3tRAanWPbBEATpzXZ1VRlV5fdG2UJ7Pm_oog6rc9SwQIgdvqoEVMwEwzhVVU_BlQSadb18ISiq4jdj3zb_0G38I_ThqqTmzyFQpTsIELaNxUcZ32ohunrUT8_QUqPhn6vG6HUUggxsjwxwRUt-UltHc8FdfGbE=&u= E07 Begrippencode elektriciteit, Netbeheer Nederland]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
====[[Philippines]]====
 +
{{definition|Blackout: Total or partial system collapse in the power grid. <ref>[https://www.doe.gov.ph/sites/default/files/pdf/announcements/iloilo-energy-101-05-power-101.pdf Power 101, Atty. Felix William B. Fuentebella Undersecretary (2018)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Poland]] ====
 +
{{definition|„stan zaniku zasilania” oznacza stan systemu, w którym praca części lub całości systemu przesyłowego została przerwana. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/>
 +
==== [[Portugal]] ====
 +
{{definition|Por «estado de apagão» entende-se o estado do sistema no qual cessou a operação de uma parte ou da totalidade da rede de transporte. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Romania]] ====
 +
{{definition|„stare de colaps” înseamnă acea stare a sistemului caracterizată prin nefuncționarea completă a unei părți a sistemului sau a întregului sistem de transport. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Slovakia]] ====
 +
{{definition|„stav bez napätia“ je stav sústavy, keď je celá prenosová prevádzka alebo jej časť mimo prevádzky. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Slovenia]] ====
 +
{{definition|„stanje razpada“ pomeni stanje sistema, v katerem prenosni sistem ali njegov del preneha obratovati. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Spain]] ====
 +
{{definition|«estado de apagón», estado de la red en el que se interrumpe el funcionamiento de la totalidad o una parte de la red de transporte. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[South Africa]] ====
 +
{{definition|Blackout: When there is insufficient power station capacity to supply the demand (load) from all the customers, the electricity system becomes unbalanced, which can cause it to trip out country-wide. <ref>[https://www.polokwane.gov.za/Shared%20Documents/LoadSheddingFAQ.PDF Load shedding – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Sweden]] ====
 +
{{definition|nätsammanbrott : det systemdrifttillstånd där driften i hela eller delar av överföringssystemet avbryts. <ref name="x">[https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2017/1485/oj Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1485 of 2 August 2017 establishing a guideline on electricity transmission system operation (Text with EEA relevance.)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Switzerland]] ====
 +
{{definition|Generalstörung: Störfall, der zur totalen Spannungslosigkeit des Schweizer Übertragungsnetzes führt.  <ref>[https://www.strom.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/Dokumente_Bilder_neu/010_Downloads/Branchenempfehlung/Swissgrid_Glossar_2010_d.pdf Swissgrid glossary]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 +
==== [[Thailand]]====
 +
{{definition|Blackout – a sudden loss of electrical power ( ไฟดับ ) <ref>[http://www.bangkokpost.com/learning/learning-news/351298/south-power-restored-after-thailand-s-worst-ever-blackout  Thailand Blackout article with glossary]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
  
=== Other International Definitions ===
+
===Standard Definition===
Test test test.  
+
==== [[ISO|ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013]] ====
 +
{{definition|Widespread electrical power outage. <ref>[http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43759 ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013 Information technology -- Security techniques -- Information security management guidelines based on ISO/IEC 27002 for process control systems specific to the energy utility industry.]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
  
=== National Definitions ===
+
=== Other Definitions ===
==== Germany====
+
{{definition|Blackout ist ein kompletter Ausfall der Stromversorgung in Folge von Schäden oder Ausfällen in einem Kraftwerk, an Stromleitungen oder anderen Teilen des Verteilungssystems, verursacht durch einen Kurzschluss, Betriebsmittelausfall, Überlastung des Übertragungs- und Verteilungssystems usw. Andere Bezeichnungen für Blackout sind Stromausfall oder Netzausfall <ref>[http://www.abb.nl/cawp/abbzh250/9e38d9e4fe6dd31bc12575520045cdf6.aspx ABB Glossary.]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
  
-->
+
{{definition|A blackout is a complete interruption of power in a given service area. <ref>[https://www.energyvortex.com/energydictionary/blackout__brownout__brown_power__rolling_blackout.html Energy Dictionary - Energyvortex]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
===Standard Definition===
 
==== ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013 ====
 
{{definition|Widespread electrical power outage <ref>[http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43759 ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013 Information technology -- Security techniques -- Information security management guidelines based on ISO/IEC 27002 for process control systems specific to the energy utility industry.]</ref>.}}
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
[[Brown out]]
+
* [[Brownout]]
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
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* Test reference. -->
 
* Test reference. -->
  
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[[Category:Energy]][[Category:Power]]
 
[[Category:Event]]
 
[[Category:Event]]
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{{#set:defined by=ENTSO-E|defined by=EU|defined by=ISO|defined by=Brazil|defined by=Italy|defined by=Netherlands|defined by= Philippines|defined by=South Africa|defined by=Switzerland|defined by=Thailand}}
 +
{{#set:defined by=European Commission|defined by=Austria|defined by=Belgium|defined by=Bulgaria|defined by=Croatia|defined by=Cyprus|defined by=Czech Republic|defined by=Denmark|defined by=Estonia|defined by=Finland|defined by=France|defined by=Germany|defined by=Greece|defined by=Hungary|defined by=Ireland|defined by=Italy|defined by=Latvia|defined by= Lithuania|defined by=Luxembourg|defined by=Malta|defined by=Netherlands|defined by=Poland|defined by=Portugal|defined by=Romania|defined by=Slovakia|defined by=Slovenia|defined by=Spain|defined by=Sweden}}
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{{#set: Showmainpage=Yes}}

Latest revision as of 23:31, 15 January 2021

Definitions

European Definitions

European Commission

‘blackout state’ means the system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. [1]



ENTSO-E
Blackout shall mean interruption of electricity generation, transmission, distribution and consumption processes, when operation of the power system or a part thereof is terminated. [2]


Blackout state: The system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. [2]


EU JRC
Blackout is a short- or long-term loss of the electric power to an area. [3]


National Definitions

Austria

„Blackout-Zustand“ („Schwarzfall-Zustand“) bezeichnet den Netzzustand, in dem der Betrieb des Übertragungsnetzes ganz oder teilweise eingestellt ist. [1]



Belgium

„black-outtoestand”: toestand van het systeem wanneer het gehele transmissiesysteem of een deel daarvan niet meer werkt. [1]


«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. [1]



Brazil

Blecaute (Apagão) - Falta generalizada de energia em uma determinada região. [4]



Bulgaria

„състояние на прекъсване на електроснабдяването“ означава състоянието на системата, в което експлоатацията на част или на цялата преносна система е прекратена. [1]



Croatia

„raspad sustava” znači stanje sustava u kojem prestane raditi dio prijenosnog sustava ili cijeli prijenosni sustav. [1]



Cyprus

«κατάσταση γενικής διακοπής»: η κατάσταση του συστήματος κατά την οποία έχει τερματιστεί η λειτουργία μέρους ή του συνόλου του συστήματος μεταφοράς· [1]



Czech Republic

„stavem blackoutu“ stav soustavy, při kterém je provoz části nebo celé přenosové soustavy znemožněn. [1]



Denmark

»blackout-tilstand«: den systemtilstand, hvor driften af en del af eller hele transmissionssystemet er afbrudt. [1]



Estonia

„kustunud seisund“– süsteemi seisund, mille korral kas osa või kogu ülekandesüsteemi talitlus seiskub. [1]



Finland

’suurhäiriöllä’ järjestelmän tilaa, jossa siirtoverkon osa tai koko siirtoverkko on lakannut toimimasta. [1]



France

«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. [1]



Germany

„Blackout-Zustand“ („Schwarzfall-Zustand“) bezeichnet den Netzzustand, in dem der Betrieb des Übertragungsnetzes ganz oder teilweise eingestellt ist. [1]



Greece

«κατάσταση γενικής διακοπής»: η κατάσταση του συστήματος κατά την οποία έχει τερματιστεί η λειτουργία μέρους ή του συνόλου του συστήματος μεταφοράς· [1]



Hungary

„blackout állapot”: a rendszer olyan állapota, amelyben megszűnik az átviteli rendszer egy részének vagy egészének a működése. [1]



Ireland

‘blackout state’ means the system state in which the operation of part or all of the transmission system is terminated. [1]



Italy

«stato di blackout», stato del sistema in cui è interrotto l'esercizio del sistema di trasmissione o di parte di esso. [1]


Blackout - Interruzione, in genere imprevista e imposta dall'emergenza, nell'erogazione di energia elettrica; blocco di un impianto o di un servizio (blackout elettrrico, blackout telefonico, blackout televisivo). [5]


Latvia

“nodzisuma stāvoklis” ir sistēmstāvoklis, kad ir pilnībā vai daļēji izbeigta pārvades sistēmas darbība. [1]



Lithuania

Visiško atsijungimo būsena– elektros sistemos būsena, kai visos perdavimo sistemos ar jos dalies eksploatavimas yra nutrauktas. [1]



Luxembourg

«état de panne généralisée (black-out)»: l'état du réseau dans lequel tout ou partie du réseau de transport est interrompu. [1]



Malta

“stat ta' blekawt” tfisser l-istat tas-sistema li fih jieqaf l-operat ta' parti mis-sistema ta' trażmissjoni jew tas-sistema kollha ta' trażmissjoni. [1]



Netherlands

„black-outtoestand”: toestand van het systeem wanneer het gehele transmissiesysteem of een deel daarvan niet meer werkt. [1]


Black-out is een storingssituatie waarbij (een deel van) één of meerdere netten spanningsloos is. [6]



Philippines

Blackout: Total or partial system collapse in the power grid. [7]



Poland

„stan zaniku zasilania” oznacza stan systemu, w którym praca części lub całości systemu przesyłowego została przerwana. [1]


Portugal

Por «estado de apagão» entende-se o estado do sistema no qual cessou a operação de uma parte ou da totalidade da rede de transporte. [1]



Romania

„stare de colaps” înseamnă acea stare a sistemului caracterizată prin nefuncționarea completă a unei părți a sistemului sau a întregului sistem de transport. [1]



Slovakia

„stav bez napätia“ je stav sústavy, keď je celá prenosová prevádzka alebo jej časť mimo prevádzky. [1]



Slovenia

„stanje razpada“ pomeni stanje sistema, v katerem prenosni sistem ali njegov del preneha obratovati. [1]



Spain

«estado de apagón», estado de la red en el que se interrumpe el funcionamiento de la totalidad o una parte de la red de transporte. [1]



South Africa

Blackout: When there is insufficient power station capacity to supply the demand (load) from all the customers, the electricity system becomes unbalanced, which can cause it to trip out country-wide. [8]



Sweden

nätsammanbrott : det systemdrifttillstånd där driften i hela eller delar av överföringssystemet avbryts. [1]



Switzerland

Generalstörung: Störfall, der zur totalen Spannungslosigkeit des Schweizer Übertragungsnetzes führt. [9]



Thailand

Blackout – a sudden loss of electrical power ( ไฟดับ ) [10]



Standard Definition

ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013

Widespread electrical power outage. [11]



Other Definitions

Blackout ist ein kompletter Ausfall der Stromversorgung in Folge von Schäden oder Ausfällen in einem Kraftwerk, an Stromleitungen oder anderen Teilen des Verteilungssystems, verursacht durch einen Kurzschluss, Betriebsmittelausfall, Überlastung des Übertragungs- und Verteilungssystems usw. Andere Bezeichnungen für Blackout sind Stromausfall oder Netzausfall [12]



A blackout is a complete interruption of power in a given service area. [13]



See also

Notes