Difference between revisions of "Risk Reduction"

From CIPedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Notes)
 
(8 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
==Definitions==
 
==Definitions==
 
=== European Definitions ===
 
=== European Definitions ===
 +
==== [[Council of Europe]] ====
 +
{{definition|Risk reduction is defined as long-term measures to reduce the scale and / or the duration of eventual society which is at [[risk]]; by reducing the [[vulnerability]] of its people, structures, services, and economic activities to the impact of known disaster [[hazard|hazards]]. <ref>[http://www.europhras.org/Site/anderedokumente/GMLGR5L_6_12_07.pdf  GLOSSAIRE MULTILINGUE DE LA GESTION DU RISQUE pour usagers francophones (2007)/European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) - TESEC-EUR-OPA 2001)]</ref>}}The measures are frequently subdivided into "structural" and "non-structural", "active" and "passive" measures. <br/><br/>
 +
 
====[[ENISA]]====
 
====[[ENISA]]====
 
{{definition|Risk Reduction are actions taken to lessen the [[probability]], negative [[Consequence|consequences]] or both, associated with a [[risk]] (refers to [[ISO|ISO/IEC Guide 73]]). <ref name="ENISAGlos"> [http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/risk-management/current-risk/risk-management-inventory/glossary ENISA Risk Glossary]</ref>}}<br />
 
{{definition|Risk Reduction are actions taken to lessen the [[probability]], negative [[Consequence|consequences]] or both, associated with a [[risk]] (refers to [[ISO|ISO/IEC Guide 73]]). <ref name="ENISAGlos"> [http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/risk-management/current-risk/risk-management-inventory/glossary ENISA Risk Glossary]</ref>}}<br />
Line 7: Line 10:
 
=== Other International Definitions ===
 
=== Other International Definitions ===
 
==== [[UNISDR]] ====
 
==== [[UNISDR]] ====
{{definition|UNISDR defines [[Disaster Risk Reduction|(disaster) risk reduction]] as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced [[exposure]] to [[hazard|hazards]], lessened [[vulnerability]] of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. <ref> [http://www.unisdr.org/files/7817_UNISDRTerminologyEnglish.pdf 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction]</ref>}}
+
{{definition|UNISDR defines [[Disaster Risk Reduction|(disaster) risk reduction]] as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced [[exposure]] to [[hazard|hazards]], lessened [[vulnerability]] of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. <ref> [http://www.unisdr.org/files/7817_UNISDRTerminologyEnglish.pdf 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction]</ref>}}The term “disaster reduction” is also sometimes used.<br/>
<big>The term “disaster reduction” is also sometimes used.</big>
 
  
 
=== National Definitions ===
 
=== National Definitions ===
Line 16: Line 18:
  
 
==== [[Czech Republic]] ====
 
==== [[Czech Republic]] ====
{{definition|Redukce rizik: Činnosti ke snížení pravděpodobnosti, negativních následků nebo obou těchto parametrů spojených s rizikem.<ref>[http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-561  Výkladový slovník kybernetické bezpečnosti (2013)]</ref> <br/><br/>Risk reduction is an activity to lower the probability and lessen negative consequences, or both of these parameters linked to risk. <ref>[http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-1143/ Act  No. 181 of 23 July 2014 On Cyber Security and Change of Related Acts (Act on Cyber Security)]</ref>}}
+
{{definition|Redukce rizik: Činnosti ke snížení pravděpodobnosti, negativních následků nebo obou těchto parametrů spojených s rizikem.<ref>[http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-561  Výkladový slovník kybernetické bezpečnosti (2013)]</ref> <br/><br/>Risk reduction is an activity to lower the probability and lessen negative consequences, or both of these parameters linked to risk. <ref>[http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-1143/ Act  No. 181 of 23 July 2014 On Cyber Security and Change of Related Acts (Act on Cyber Security)]</ref>}}<br /><br/>
<br /><br/>
+
==== [[El Salvador]] ====
 +
{{definition|Reducción de riesgos: Medidas compensatorias dirigidas a cambiar o disminuir las condiciones de riesgo existentes. Son medidas de prevención-mitigación y preparación que se adoptan con anterioridad de manera alternativa, prescriptiva o restrictiva, con el fin de evitar que se presente un fenómeno peligroso, o para que no generen daños, o para disminuir sus efectos sobre la población, los bienes y servicios y el ambiente. <ref>[http://www.marn.gob.sv/glosario-de-riesgo/ Glosario de Riesgo, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, El Salvador]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
  
 +
==== [[Madagascar]] ====
 +
{{definition|Réduction des risques: Application sélective des principes de gestion et des techniques appropriées qui permettent de réduire soit la probabilité d’une catastrophe, soit ses conséquences, soit les deux.  <ref>[http://www.primature.gov.mg/cpgu/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/SNGRC.pdf Stratégie Nationale de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes – Madagascar (2014)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
==== [[New Zealand]] ====
 
==== [[New Zealand]] ====
 
{{definition|Risk reduction is one of the ‘4 Rs’ of [[Emergency Management]]: Risk reduction means identifying and analysing long-term risks to life and property, taking steps to eliminate these risks if practicable, and, if not, reducing the magnitude of their impact and the likelihood of their occurring. <ref name="CIMS">[http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/CIMS-2nd-edition.pdf The New Zealand Coordinated Incident Management System, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, New Zealand. (2014)]</ref>}} <br /><br/>
 
{{definition|Risk reduction is one of the ‘4 Rs’ of [[Emergency Management]]: Risk reduction means identifying and analysing long-term risks to life and property, taking steps to eliminate these risks if practicable, and, if not, reducing the magnitude of their impact and the likelihood of their occurring. <ref name="CIMS">[http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/CIMS-2nd-edition.pdf The New Zealand Coordinated Incident Management System, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, New Zealand. (2014)]</ref>}} <br /><br/>
Line 38: Line 43:
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
<references />
 
  
<!--
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
* Test reference. -->
+
<references />
  
 
[[Category:Risk]]
 
[[Category:Risk]]
{{#set:defined by=UNISDR|defined by=ENISA|defined by=Australia|defined by=Canada|defined by=Czech Republic|defined by=New Zealand|defined by=Peru|defined by=Switzerland|defined by=United States|}}
+
{{#set:defined by=Council of Europe|defined by=UNISDR|defined by=ENISA|defined by=Australia|defined by=Canada|defined by=Czech Republic|defined by=El Salvador|defined by=Madagascar|defined by=New Zealand|defined by=Peru|defined by=Switzerland|defined by=United States|}}
 +
{{#set: Showmainpage=Yes}}

Latest revision as of 13:26, 15 August 2022

This term is closely related to the term "Risk Treatment".

Definitions

European Definitions

Council of Europe

Risk reduction is defined as long-term measures to reduce the scale and / or the duration of eventual society which is at risk; by reducing the vulnerability of its people, structures, services, and economic activities to the impact of known disaster hazards. [1]

The measures are frequently subdivided into "structural" and "non-structural", "active" and "passive" measures.

ENISA

Risk Reduction are actions taken to lessen the probability, negative consequences or both, associated with a risk (refers to ISO/IEC Guide 73). [2]


Other International Definitions

UNISDR

UNISDR defines (disaster) risk reduction as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. [3]

The term “disaster reduction” is also sometimes used.

National Definitions

Australia

Risk reduction is a selective application of appropriate techniques and management principles to reduce either likelihood of an occurrence or its consequences, or both. [4]



Czech Republic

Redukce rizik: Činnosti ke snížení pravděpodobnosti, negativních následků nebo obou těchto parametrů spojených s rizikem.[5]

Risk reduction is an activity to lower the probability and lessen negative consequences, or both of these parameters linked to risk. [6]



El Salvador

Reducción de riesgos: Medidas compensatorias dirigidas a cambiar o disminuir las condiciones de riesgo existentes. Son medidas de prevención-mitigación y preparación que se adoptan con anterioridad de manera alternativa, prescriptiva o restrictiva, con el fin de evitar que se presente un fenómeno peligroso, o para que no generen daños, o para disminuir sus efectos sobre la población, los bienes y servicios y el ambiente. [7]



Madagascar

Réduction des risques: Application sélective des principes de gestion et des techniques appropriées qui permettent de réduire soit la probabilité d’une catastrophe, soit ses conséquences, soit les deux. [8]



New Zealand

Risk reduction is one of the ‘4 Rs’ of Emergency Management: Risk reduction means identifying and analysing long-term risks to life and property, taking steps to eliminate these risks if practicable, and, if not, reducing the magnitude of their impact and the likelihood of their occurring. [9]



Peru

Reducción del Riesgo: Acciones que se orientan a evitar la generación de nuevos riesgos en la sociedad y a reducir las vulnerabilidades y riesgos existentes en el contexto de la gestión del desarrollo sostenible. [10]



Switzerland

Risikominderung: Massnahmen zur Risikominderung reduzieren entweder die Verwundbarkeit der Risikoelemente gegenüber der Einwirkung von Gefahren oder richten sich unmittelbar an die betriebliche Kontinuität der kritischen Prozesse durch die Schaffung von Redundanz beziehungsweise Ersatz. Redundante Systeme oder Ersatzsysteme ermöglichen die betriebliche Kontinuität kritischer Prozesse im Rahmen des Wiederanlaufmanagements, auch wenn es zur Beeinträchtigung von Risikoelementen kommt. [11]

Réduction des risques: Les mesures de réduction des risques sont de deux ordres: soit elles diminuent la vulnérabilité des éléments de risque face aux incidences de certains aléas, soit elles visent à garantir la continuité opérationnelle des processus critiques en instaurant des systèmes redondants et/ou des systèmes de remplacement: même s’ils peuvent perturber certains elements critiques, ces systèmes ont l’avantage d’assurer une continuité opérationnelle dans le cadre de la gestion de la reprise sur incident. [12]



United States

Decrease in risk through risk avoidance, risk control or risk transfer. [13]

Standard Definition

See also

Notes

References