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European Definitions

Other International Definitions


The restoration, and improvement where appropriate, of facilities, livelihoods and living conditions of disaster-affected communities, including efforts to reduce disaster risk factors [1].

According to UNISDR, the recovery task of rehabilitation and reconstruction begins soon after the emergency phase has ended, and should be based on pre-existing strategies and policies that facilitate clear institutional responsibilities for recovery action and enable public participation. Recovery programmes, coupled with the heightened public awareness and engagement after a disaster, afford a valuable opportunity to develop and implement disaster risk reduction measures and to apply the “build back better” principle.

National Definitions


Recovery is the coordinated process of supporting emergency-affected communities in reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing. [2]

Recovery are measures which support emergency-affected individuals and communities in the reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of emotional, economic and physical well-being. [2]

Actions taken following the commencement of a disruptive event to return the organization to routine management. [3]


Actions taken to repair or restore conditions to an acceptable level after a disaster.

Activités visant à restaurer ou rétablir les conditions à un niveau acceptable après une catastrophe. [4]


Toipuminen; elpyminen: toimintakyvyn palautuminen kriisin, häiriötilanteen tai poikkeusolojen jälkeen.

Recovery is recovery of the working order after a crisis, incident or emergency. -unofficial translation- [5]


Recovery is the process of restoring and rebuilding communities, infrastructure, buildings and services. [6]

New Zealand

Recovery is one of the ‘4 Rs’ of Emergency Management: Recovery means the coordinated efforts and processes used to bring about the immediate, medium-term, and long-term holistic regeneration of a community following an emergency. [7]

Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

The restoration, and improvement where appropriate, of facilities, livelihoods and living conditions of disaster-affected communities, including efforts to reduce disaster risk factors. [8]


Die Regeneration ist eine Phase im integralen Risikomanagement im Bevölkerungsschutz und umfasst die Auswertung eines Ereignisses und den Wiederaufbau. [9]

Phase de la géstion intégrale des risques englobant l'évaluation d'un événement et la reconstruction. [10]

Rétablissement: la rigenerazione è una fase del ciclo di gestione integrale dei rischi nell’ambito della protezione della popolazione che comprende la valutazione dell'evento e la ricostruzione. [11]

United Kingdom (UK)

Recovery is the process of rebuilding, restoring and rehabilitating the community, both physically and socially, following an emergency. [12]

United States

Presidential Policy Directive PPD-8
Recovery is those capabilities necessary to assist communities affected by an incident to recover effectively, including, but not limited to, rebuilding infrastructure systems; providing adequate interim and long-term housing for survivors; restoring health, social, and community services; promoting economic development; and restoring natural and cultural resources. [13]

Recovery is the development, coordination, and execution of service- and site-restoration plans; the reconstitution of government operations and services; individual, private-sector, nongovernmental, and public assistance programs to provide housing and to promote restoration; long-term care and treatment of affected persons; additional measures for social, political, environmental, and economic restoration; evaluation of the incident to identify lessons learned; postincident reporting; and development of initiatives to mitigate the effects of future incidents. [14]

Recover (function) is to develop and implement the appropriate activities to maintain plans for resilience and to restore any capabilities or services that were impaired due to a Cyber Security event. [15]

Activities and programs designed to return conditions to a level that is acceptable to the entity. [16]

Standard Definition


The process of restoring a secure state in a system after there has been an accidental failure or successful attack.

The process of restoring an information system's assets and operation following damage or destruction. [17]

ISO 22300:2012(en)

Restoration and improvement, where appropriate, of operations, facilities, livelihoods or living conditions of affected organizations, including efforts to reduce risk factors. [18]

Other Definitions

Ontario (Canada)

Recovery is the process of restoring a stricken community to a pre-disaster level of functioning. [19]

This may include the provision of financial assistance, repairing buildings and/or restoration of the environment.

Rétablissement: processus visant à ramener une collectivité sinistrée aux conditions normales d’avant la situation d’urgence. [19]

Ce processus peut inclure la fourniture d’une assistance financière, la réparation de bâtiments ou la restauration de l’environnement.

See also


  1. 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction
  2. 2.0 2.1 Australian Emergency Management Glossary, Emergency Management Australia (1998)
  3. Australia AS NZS 5050 (2010)
  4. Vocabulaire de la gestion des urgencies/Emergency Management Emergency Management Vocabulary 281 (2012)
  5. Vocabulary of Comprehensive Security. Helsinki (TSK 47) (2014)
  7. The New Zealand Coordinated Incident Management System, Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, New Zealand. (2014)
  8. Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago
  9. Glossar der Risikobegriffe, Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz BABS, 29.4.2013
  10. Glossaire des risques, Office fédéral de la protection de la population, 29.4.2013
  11. Glossario sui rischi, Ufficio federale della protezione della popolazione UFPP, 29.4.2013
  12. Glossary - Revision to Emergency Preparedness, Cabinet Office (2012)
  13. Presidential Policy Directive /PPD-8: National Preparedness, March 30, 2011
  14. National Incident Management Plan (core)
  15. [ Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity v1.0, NIST, February 12, 2014.
  16. Source: NFPA 1600-4: Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs
  17. IETF RFC449 Internet Security Glossary 2
  18. ISO 22300:2012(en) Societal security — Terminology
  19. 19.0 19.1 Province of Ontario’s Emergency Management Glossary of Terms