Mitigation

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Definitions

European Definitions

ENISA

Mitigation is the limitation of any negative consequence of a particular event (refers to ISO/IEC Guide 73). [1]


The EU EURAM project defined Risk mitigation as:

Action of reducing a risk by implementing security controls, taking assurance measures, avoiding the risk, or transferring the risk to another party. [2]

Other International Definitions

CARICOM

The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. [3]


UNISDR

The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. [4]

The adverse impacts of hazards often cannot be prevented fully, but their scale or severity can be substantially lessened by various strategies and actions. Mitigation measures encompass engineering techniques and hazard-resistant construction as well as improved environmental policies and public awareness. It should be noted that in climate change policy, “mitigation” is defined differently, being the term used for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions that are the source of climate change.

National Definitions

Australia

Mitigation are measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and environment. [5]


Canada

Actions taken to reduce the impact of disasters in order to protect lives, property and the environment, and to reduce economic disruption.

Activités visant à réduire les impacts de catastrophes pour protéger la vie, les biens et l’environnement, et pour réduire les perturbations économiques. [6]


Ireland

Mitigation is a part of risk management and includes all actions taken to eliminate or reduce the risk to people, property and the environment from the hazards which threaten them. [7]


Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Risk mitigation is prioritizing, evaluating, and implementing the appropriate risk-reducing controls/countermeasures recommended from the risk management process. [8]


Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

The lessening or limitation of the adverse impacts of hazards and related disasters. [9]


United States

DHS
Application of measure or measures to reduce the likelihood of an unwanted occurrence and/or its consequences. [10]
NIST
Prioritizing, evaluating, and implementing the appropriate risk-reducing controls/countermeasures recommended from the risk management process. [11]
NIMS
Activities providing a critical foundation in the effort to reduce the loss of life and property from natural and/or manmade disasters by avoiding or lessening the impact of a disaster and providing value to the public by creating safer communities. [12] Mitigation seeks to fix the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. These activities or actions, in most cases, will have a long-term sustained effect.
NFPA
Activities taken to eliminate or reduce the probability of the event, or reduce its severity or consequences, either prior to or following a disaster/emergency. [13]


Other Definitions

Ontario (Canada)

Mitigation are actions taken to reduce the adverse impacts of an emergency or disaster. [14]

Such actions may include diversion or containment measures to lessen the impacts of a flood or a spill.

Atténuation: mesures prises afin de réduire les effets d’une situation d’urgence ou d’un sinistre. [14]

Il peut s’agir notamment de mesures de confinement ou de détournement afin de réduire l’impact d’une inondation ou d’un déversement accidentel.

Standard Definition

ISO/PAS 22399:2007

Limitation of any negative consequence of a particular incident. [15]

ISO 22300:2012(en)

Measures taken to prevent, limit and reduce impact of the negative consequences of incidents, emergencies and disasters.[16]

See also

Notes