Difference between revisions of "Critical Infrastructure Sector"

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(USA)
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* Banking and Finance,
 
* Banking and Finance,
 
* Central Government / Government Services,
 
* Central Government / Government Services,
* (Tele-)Communication / Information and Communication Technologies(ICT),
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* (Tele-)Communication / Information and Communication Technologies (ICT),
 
* Emergency / Rescue Services,
 
* Emergency / Rescue Services,
 
* Energy / Electricity,
 
* Energy / Electricity,
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=== National Definitions ===
 
=== National Definitions ===
==== UK ====
+
==== Netherlands ====
 +
<big>Netherlands' national infrastructure is currently (2005 definition) categorised by twelve critical sectors and 31 subsectors <ref>[http://www.nctv.nl/onderwerpen/nv/voorkomen-voorbereiden/bescherming-vitale-infrastructuur/ Vitale infrastructuursectoren]</ref>:
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# energy: electric power, gas, and oil
 +
# telecommunications and IT: fixed and mobile communications, radio, broadcasting, and internet
 +
# drinking water (supply)
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# food: food supply, and food safety
 +
# health: emergency and other hospital care, medicines, and vaccines
 +
# financial services: payments (bank retail), and financial transfers by the Administration
 +
# surface water:  water quality and water quantity (stemming and managing)
 +
# public order and safety
 +
# legal order/justice: courts and detention, and law enforcement
 +
# public administration:  diplomacy, information services by the Administration, defence, and decision-making
 +
# transport: mainport Schiphol, mainport Rotterdam, main road infrastructure, main inland shipping infrastructure, and rail infrastructure
 +
# chemical and  nuclear industry: transport, storage, production, and processing of dangerous materials
 +
 
 +
Each critical sector falls under the responsibility of a designated ministry.</big>
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 +
==== United Kingdom (UK) ====
 
<big>UK's national infrastructure is categorised into nine sectors<ref> [http://www.cpni.gov.uk/about/cni/ Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI)]</ref>:
 
<big>UK's national infrastructure is categorised into nine sectors<ref> [http://www.cpni.gov.uk/about/cni/ Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI)]</ref>:
 
# communications
 
# communications

Revision as of 17:09, 14 July 2014

Each national or international strategy and policy identifies different categories of sectors that are considered to offer vital services and thus require protection. A 2008 survey examined the policies of 25 countries and identifies as the most frequently mentioned the following sectors:

  • Banking and Finance,
  • Central Government / Government Services,
  • (Tele-)Communication / Information and Communication Technologies (ICT),
  • Emergency / Rescue Services,
  • Energy / Electricity,
  • Health Services,
  • Food,
  • Transportation / Logistics / Distribution, and
  • Water (Supply).

The study comments that "these are the core sectors of modern societies, and possibly the areas where a large-scale interruption would be most devastating" [1].

Definitions

European Definitions

Council Directive 2008/114/EC

The EU directive identifies the following two sectors and their respective sub-sectors[2]:

I Energy

  1. Electricity: Infrastructures and facilities for generation and transmission of electricity in respect of supply electricity
  2. Oil: Oil production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines
  3. Gas: (a) Gas production, refining, treatment, storage and transmission by pipelines, (b) LNG terminals

II Transport

  1. Road transport
  2. Rail transport
  3. Air transport
  4. Inland waterways transport
  5. Ocean and short-sea shipping and ports

Other International Definitions

UNISDR

UNISDR presents the following examples of critical infrastructures:

transport systems, air and sea ports, electricity, water and communications systems, hospitals and health clinics, and centres for fire, police and public administration services [3].

National Definitions

Netherlands

Netherlands' national infrastructure is currently (2005 definition) categorised by twelve critical sectors and 31 subsectors [4]:

  1. energy: electric power, gas, and oil
  2. telecommunications and IT: fixed and mobile communications, radio, broadcasting, and internet
  3. drinking water (supply)
  4. food: food supply, and food safety
  5. health: emergency and other hospital care, medicines, and vaccines
  6. financial services: payments (bank retail), and financial transfers by the Administration
  7. surface water: water quality and water quantity (stemming and managing)
  8. public order and safety
  9. legal order/justice: courts and detention, and law enforcement
  10. public administration: diplomacy, information services by the Administration, defence, and decision-making
  11. transport: mainport Schiphol, mainport Rotterdam, main road infrastructure, main inland shipping infrastructure, and rail infrastructure
  12. chemical and nuclear industry: transport, storage, production, and processing of dangerous materials

Each critical sector falls under the responsibility of a designated ministry.

United Kingdom (UK)

UK's national infrastructure is categorised into nine sectors[5]:

  1. communications
  2. emergency services
  3. energy
  4. financial services
  5. food
  6. government
  7. health
  8. transport
  9. water

USA

The 2009 NIPP [6] defines a sector as

a logical collection of assets, systems, or networks that provide a common function to the economy, government, or society.

Presidential Policy Directive 21 (PPD-21): Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience[7] identifies 16 critical infrastructure sectors:

  1. Chemical Sector
  2. Commercial Facilities Sector
  3. Communications Sector
  4. Critical Manufacturing Sector
  5. Dams Sector [8]
  6. Defense Industrial Base Sector
  7. Emergency Services Sector
  8. Energy Sector
  9. Financial Services Sector
  10. Food and Agriculture Sector
  11. Government Facilities Sector
  12. Healthcare and Public Health Sector
  13. Information Technology Sector
  14. Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste Sector
  15. Transportation Systems Sector
  16. Water and Wastewater Systems Sector

Each sector falls under the responsibility of a designated Sector-Specific Agency (SSA).

Germany

In Germany, the following sectors (and industries) are assigned to critical infrastructures [9]:

  • Transport and traffic (aviation, maritime shipping, inland waterway transport, rail traffic, road traffic, logistics)
  • Energy (electricity, mineral oil, gas)
  • Information technology and telecommunication (telecommunication, information technology)
  • Finance and insurance sector (banks/financial institutes, insurance companies, financial service providers, stock exchanges)
  • State and administration (government and administration, parliament, judicial institutions, emergency and rescue services including disaster control)
  • Food (food industry, food trade)
  • Water (public water supply, public wastewater disposal)
  • Health (medical care, pharmaceuticals and vaccines, laboratories)
  • Media and culture (broadcasting (television and radio), printed and electronic press, cultural assets, highly symbolic buildings)


See also

Notes