Difference between revisions of "Critical Facilities"

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=== Other International Definitions ===
 
=== Other International Definitions ===
==== [[ITU-T]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure the key systems, services and functions whose disruption or destruction would have a  debilitating impact on public health and safety, commerce, and [[National Security|national security]], or any combination of these. <ref>ITU Study Group Q.22/1 Report on Best Practices for a National Approach to Cybersecurity: A Management Framework for Organizing National Cybersecurity Efforts, ITU-D Secretariat, Geneva (2008).</ref>}}<br />
 
  
==== [[NATO]]====
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==== [[UNDRR]] ====
===== CCD-CoE (Tallinn manual)=====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure: Physical or virtual systems and assets under the jurisdiction of a State that are so vital that their incapacitation or destruction may debilitate a State’s security, economy, public health  or safety, or the environment. <ref>[https://ccdcoe.org/tallinn-manual.html Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (2013)]</ref>}}<br />
 
 
 
===== CEP / EAPC =====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure is those facilities, services and information systems which are so vital to nations that their incapacity or destruction would have a debilitating impact on national security, national economy, public health and safety and the effective functioning of the government. <ref>NATO EAPC(SCEPC) lexicon and CRITICAL TELECOMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION - document - EAPC(CCPC)D(2002)8-REV1 (26 January 2004)</ref>}}
 
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==== [[UNISDR]] ====
 
 
<big>UNISDR refers to "Critical facilities" as</big>  
 
<big>UNISDR refers to "Critical facilities" as</big>  
 
{{definition|the primary physical structures, technical facilities and [[system|systems]] which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an [[emergency]]. <ref>[http://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/terminology 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009.]</ref>}}
 
{{definition|the primary physical structures, technical facilities and [[system|systems]] which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an [[emergency]]. <ref>[http://www.unisdr.org/we/inform/terminology 2009 UNISDR Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, May 2009.]</ref>}}
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{{definition|Kerentanan: Karakteristik dan kondisi sebuah komunitas, sistem atau aset yang membuatnya cenderung terkena dampak merusak yang diakibatkan ancaman bahaya. <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrindonesia.pdf UNISDR glossary in Bahasa]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition|Kerentanan: Karakteristik dan kondisi sebuah komunitas, sistem atau aset yang membuatnya cenderung terkena dampak merusak yang diakibatkan ancaman bahaya. <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrindonesia.pdf UNISDR glossary in Bahasa]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition| Kemudahan – kemudahan kritikal: Ulasan: Kemudahan kritikal adalah infrastruktur yang menyokong perkhidmatan penting dalam masyarakat. Ia termasuk sistem pengangkutan, udara dan laut, bekalan elektrik, air, sistem komunikasi, hospital, klinik kesihatan, bomba, polis dan perkhidmatan pentadbiran awam.  <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrmalaysiaterminology.pdf UNISDR glossary in Malay]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition| Kemudahan – kemudahan kritikal: Ulasan: Kemudahan kritikal adalah infrastruktur yang menyokong perkhidmatan penting dalam masyarakat. Ia termasuk sistem pengangkutan, udara dan laut, bekalan elektrik, air, sistem komunikasi, hospital, klinik kesihatan, bomba, polis dan perkhidmatan pentadbiran awam.  <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrmalaysiaterminology.pdf UNISDR glossary in Malay]</ref>}}<br/>
{{definition|Kritikal na mga Pasilidad: Ang mga pangunahing pisikal na istruktura, teknikal na mga pasilidad at sistema na mahalaga sa lipunan at ekonomya at sa paggana ng lipunan at komunidad, sa ordinaryo mang takbo ng buhay at maging sa matitinding pangkagipitang sitwasyon. <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrphillipinesterminology.pdf UNISDR glossary in Tagalog]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
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{{definition|Kritikal na mga Pasilidad: Ang mga pangunahing pisikal na istruktura, teknikal na mga pasilidad at sistema na mahalaga sa lipunan at ekonomya at sa paggana ng lipunan at komunidad, sa ordinaryo mang takbo ng buhay at maging sa matitinding pangkagipitang sitwasyon. <ref>[http://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_isdrphillipinesterminology.pdf UNISDR glossary in Tagalog]</ref>}}<br/>
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{{definition|<ref>[https://www.preventionweb.net/files/7817_unisdr2009terminologypersianedition.pdf Internationally agreed glossary of basic terms related to Disaster Management in Farsi]</ref>  تسهيلات حياتي <br/> ساختارها و سازه هاي فيزيكي اوليه،تسهيلات فني و سامانه هايي كه از نظر اجتماعي، اقتصادي يا عملياتي براي<br/>  عملكرد و كار يك اجتماع يا جامعه، هم د شرايط عادي و هم در وضعيت هاي ناسازگار و مغاير در شرايط<br/>اضطراري حاد، لازم مي باشند، اتلاق مي گردد}}<br/><br/>
  
 
=== National Definitions ===
 
=== National Definitions ===
==== [[Australia]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures are those physical facilities, supply chains, information technologies and communication networks which, if destroyed, degraded or rendered unavailable for an extended period, would significantly impact on the social or economic wellbeing of the nation or affect Australia’s ability to conduct national defence and ensure national security. <ref>[http://www.tisn.gov.au/Documents/Australian+Government+s+Critical+Infrastructure+Resilience+Strategy.pdf Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy, 2010]</ref>}}
 
<big>In this context, significant means an [[event]] or [[incident]] that puts at risk public [[safety]] and confidence, threatens our economic security, harms Australia’s international competitiveness, or impedes the continuity of government and its services.</big>
 
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==== [[Austria]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritische Infrastrukturen sind jene Infrastrukturen oder Teile davon, die eine wesentliche Bedeutung für die Aufrechterhaltung wichtiger gesellschaftlicher Funktionen haben. Ihre Störung oder Zerstörung hat schwerwiegende Auswirkungen auf die Gesundheit, Sicherheit oder das wirtschaftliche und soziale Wohl der Bevölkerung oder die Funktionsweise von staatlichen Einrichtungen.  <ref>[https://www.bka.gv.at/DocView.axd?CobId=50748 Österreichische Strategie für Cyber Sicherheit (2013)]</ref><br/><br/>Critical infrastructures are those infrastructures or parts thereof which are of crucial importance for ensuring important social functions. Their failure or destruction has severe effects on the health, security or the economic and social wellbeing of the population or the functioning of governmental institutions. <ref>[http://www.bmi.gv.at/cms/BMI_Service/cycer_security/130415_strategie_cybersicherheit_en_web.pdf Austrian Cyber Security Strategy, Federal Chancellery of the Republic of Austria, Vienna (2013)]</ref>}}
 
Oftmals wird Kritische Infrastruktur auch mit der Abkürzung des aus dem Englischen entlehnten Substantiv CI (Critical Infrastructure) ausgedrückt. Im internationalen  wie nationalen Sprachgebrauch hat sich auch CIP (Critical Infrastructure Protection) um den Schutz kritischer Infrastruktur auszudrücken, durchgesetzt. Konform dazu wird somit auch der Schutz der kritischen Informations Infrastruktur als CIIP (Critical Information Infrastructure Protection) bezeichnet.
 
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{{definition|Kritische Infrastruktur die in einem Mitgliedstaat gelegene Anlage, ein System oder ein Teil davon, die von wesentlicher Bedeutung für die Aufrechterhaltung wichtiger gesellschaftlicher Funktionen, der Gesundheit, der Sicherheit und des wirtschaftlichen oder sozialen Wohlergehens der Bevölkerung sind und deren Störung oder Zerstörung erhebliche Auswirkungen auf einen Mitgliedstaat hätte, da diese Funktionen nicht aufrechterhalten werden könnten. <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Barbados]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure refers to systems, facilities, technologies, networks, assets and services essential to health, safety and security disruption. <ref>[https://labour.gov.bb/pdf/OSH/Emergency%20Procedures%20from%20plan%20to%20practice.pdf Emergency Procedures: From Plan to Practice]</ref>}}<br /><br/>
 
 
==== [[Belgium]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritieke infrastructuur is een installatie, systeem of een deel daarvan, van federal belang, dat van essentieel belang is voor het behoud van vitale maatschappelijke functies, de gezondheid, de veiligheid, de beveiliging, de economische welvaart of het maatschappelijk welzijn, en waarvan de verstoring van de werking of de vernietiging een aanzienlijke weerslag zou hebben doordat die functies ontregeld zouden raken. <ref>[http://www.bipt.be/public/files/nl/21348/2011_07_01_infrastructures_critiques.pdf N. 2011 — 1799 C − 2011/00399 1 JULI 2011. — Wet betreffende de beveiliging en de bescherming van de kritieke infrastructure]</ref><br /><br />Infrastructure critique: installation, système ou partie de celuici, d’intérêt fédéral, qui est indispensable au maintien des fonctions vitales de la société, de la santé, de la sûreté, de la sécurité et du bien-être économique ou social des citoyens, et dont l’interruption du fonctionnement ou la destruction aurait une incidence significative du fait de la défaillance de ces fonctions. <ref>[http://www.bipt.be/public/files/nl/21348/2011_07_01_infrastructures_critiques.pdf N. 2011 — 1799 [ − 2011/00399 1er JUILLET 2011. — Loi relative à la sécurité et la protection des infrastructures critiques]</ref><br /><br />A critical infrastructure is an installation, [[system]] or part thereof, of federal interest, which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, [[Safety|safety]], [[security]], economic or societal well-being of people, and which, if [[disruption|disrupted]] or destroyed, would have a significant [[impact]]. <ref>[http://www.tevalis.fr/images/ArticleICCWS2014.pdf Service Public Fédéral Intérieur/Federale Overheidsdienst Binnenlandse Zaken F./N. 2011-1799; C-2011/00399 (2011)]</ref>}}
 
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{{definition|Kritieke infrastructuur: een voorziening, systeem of een deel daarvan op het grondgebied van de lidstaten dat van essentieel belang is voor het behoud van vitale maatschappelijke functies, de gezondheid, de veiligheid, de beveiliging, de economische welvaart of het maatschappelijk welzijn, waarvan de verstoring of vernietiging in een lidstaat aanzienlijke gevolgen zou hebben doordat die functies ontregeld zouden raken.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/NL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}} <br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infrastructure critique: un point, système ou partie de celuici, situé dans les États membres, qui est indispensable au maintien des fonctions vitales de la société, de la santé, de la sûreté, de la sécurité et du bien-être économique ou social des citoyens, et dont l’arrêt ou la destruction aurait un impact significatif dans un État membre du fait de la défaillance de ces fonctions.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/FR/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
==== [[Brazil]] ====
 
{{definition|Infraestruturas Críticas: instalações, serviços, bens e sistemas que, se forem interrompidos ou destruídos, provocarão sério impacto social, econômico, político, internacional ou à segurança do Estado e da sociedade. <ref>[http://www.biblioteca.presidencia.gov.br/publicacoes-oficiais-1/catalogo/orgao-essenciais/gabinete-de-seguranca-institucional/guia-de-referencia-para-seguranca-de-infraestruturas-criticas-da-informacao/at_download/file GUIA DE REFERÊNCIA PARA A SEGURANÇA DAS INFRAESTRUTURAS CRÍTICAS DA INFORMAÇÃO Versão 01 (Nov. 2010)/ Portaria Nº 45, de 8 de setembro de 2009. Gabinete de Segurança Institucional da Presidência da República.]</ref><br />Critical infrastructure are the installations, services or assets that if destroyed, disrupted or incapacitated will have a debilitating impact on [[Security|security]], the national economy, national public health and safety. <ref>[http://www.gsma.com/latinamerica/mobile-telecommunications-networks-for-the-2014-world-cup/ Emilio Tissato Nakamura, Jadir Antonio da Silva, José Manuel Martin Rios et al., Mobile Telecommunications Networks for the 2014 World Cup, GSM Association (2011)]</ref><br />Critical Infrastructures are considered as facilities, services, goods and systems that, if disrupted or destroyed, would bring serious economic, political or social impacts or risks to the security of the state and society. <ref>[https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/Workshops-and-Seminars/ict-sec-chaldc/Documents/Presentations/S4P1-Antonio-Guimaraes.ppt Presentation on Ordinance No. 2, of February 2008, the Cabinet of Institutional Security of the Presidency (GSI/PR)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
==== [[Bulgaria]] ====
 
{{definition|Критична инфраструктура е система от съоръжения, услуги и информационни системи, чието спиране, неизправно функциониране или разрушаване би имало сериозно негативно въздействие върху здравето и безопасността на населението, околната среда, националното стопанство или върху ефективното функциониране на държавното управление.<br/>(equals EU definition) <ref>[http://www.me.government.bg/en/themes/critical-infrastructure-in-the-energy-sector-336-300.html Critical Infrastructure in the Energy Sector (Min. of Energy)]</ref> <ref>[https://i.utroruse.com/tmp/fd753eb14acf229608801a4c10f83821_1460108941.pdf „Кибер устойчива България 2020” - Republic of Bulgaria: national cyber security strategy "Cyber Resilient Bulgaria 2020"(2016)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|критична инфраструктура означава елемент, система или части от нея, намиращи се в държавите-членки, които са от основно значение за поддържането на жизненоважни обще¬ ствени функции, здравето, безопасността, сигурността, иконо¬ мическото или социалното благосъстояние на населението, и чието нарушаване или унищожаване би имало значителни последици в дадената държава-членка в резултат на невъз¬ можността да се запазят тези функции.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/BG/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
==== [[Canada]] ====
 
==== [[Canada]] ====
{{definition| Critical infrastructure refers to processes, systems, facilities, technologies, networks, [[Asset|assets]] and services essential to the health, safety, security or economic well-being of Canadians and the effective functioning of government.<br /><br />Ensemble des processus, des systèmes, des installations, des technologies, des réseaux, des biens et des services nécessaires pour assurer la santé, la sûreté, la sécurité ou le bien-être économique des Canadiens ainsi que le fonctionnement efficace du gouvernement. <ref> [http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/mrgnc-mngmnt-frmwrk/index-eng.aspx An Emergency Management Framework for Canada (Second Edition) </ref>}}
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{{definition|Critical facility: a facility that is of capital importance to a society or community for conducting its day-to-day activities and whose compromise would have severe consequences on its effective functioning. <br/><br/>Installation indispensable : Installation qui est d'importance capitale pour qu'une société ou une collectivité puisse mener ses activités quotidiennes et dont la compromission aurait de graves conséquences sur son fonctionnement efficace.  <ref name=canada>[https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/ Termium plus glossary]</ref>}} <br/><br/>
Critical infrastructure can be stand-alone or interconnected and interdependent within and across provinces, territories and national borders. Disruptions of critical infrastructure could result in catastrophic loss of life, adverse economic effects, and significant harm to public confidence.<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Colombia]] ====
 
{{definition|Infraestructura crítica: Es el conjunto de computadores, sistemas computacionales, redes de telecomunicaciones, datos e información, cuya destrucción o interferencia puede debilitar o impactar en la seguridad de la economía, salud pública, o la combinación de ellas, en una nación. <ref>[http://www.mintic.gov.co/portal/604/articles-3510_documento.pdf Conpes 3510 (Resolución CRC 2258 de 2009)]</ref>}}
 
Critical Infrastructure is the set of computers, computer systems, telecommunication networks, data and information, the destruction or interference may weaken or impact the safety of the economy, public health, or combination thereof, of a nation (this defines the CII).
 
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==== [[Croatia]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritične infrastrukture su sustavi, mreže i objekti od nacionalne važnosti čiji prekid djelovanja ili prekid isporuke roba ili usluga može imati ozbiljne posljedice na nacionalnu sigurnost, zdravlje i živote ljudi, imovinu i okoliš, sigurnost i ekonomsku stabilnost i neprekidno funkcioniranje vlasti. <ref>[http://www.zakon.hr/z/591/Zakon-o-kriti%C4%8Dnim-infrastrukturama Zakon o kritičnim infrastrukturama (Critical infrastructure act), 2013, in Official Gazette, No 56/2013 (Croat.)]</ref><br><br>CI are the systems, networks and objects of national importance whose disruption in operation or interruption in the delivery of the goods can have serious consequences for national security, health and lives of people, property or environment, security and economic stability and continuous functioning of the government. }}<br /><br/>
 
{{definition|Kritična infrastruktura znači imovina, sustav ili njihov dio koji se nalazi u državama članicama i neophodan je za održavanje vitalnih društvenih funkcija, zdravlja, sigurnosti, zaštite, gospodarske i socijalne dobrobiti ljudi, čiji bi poremećaj rada ili čije bi uništenje, kao posljedica neuspjelog održavanja tih funkcija, moglo imati znatan učinak u državi članici.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/HR/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
====[[Cuba]]====
 
{{definition|Infraestructuras Críticas: Infraestructuras cuyo funcionamiento es indispensable y no permite soluciones alternativas, por lo que su interrupción o destrucción tendría un grave impacto sobre los servicios públicos esenciales o las estructuras gubernamentales.  <ref>[http://www.cscuba.cu/es/glosario-de-terminos/A Glossary of Cyber terms/Glosario de términos, Centro de Seguridad del Ciberespacio]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Cyprus]] ====
 
{{definition|Ως «υποδομές ζωτικής σημασίας» νοούνται τα περιουσιακά στοιχεία, συστήματα ή μέρη αυτών τα οποία είναι ουσιώδη για τη διατήρηση των λειτουργιών ζωτικής σημασίας της κοινωνίας, της υγείας, της ασφάλειας, της οικονομικής και κοινωνικής ευημερίας των μελών της, και των οποίων η διακοπή λειτουργίας ή η καταστροφή θα είχε σημαντικό αντίκτυπο για τη Χώρα, ως αποτέλεσμα της αδυναμίας διατήρησης των λειτουργιών αυτών.  <ref>[http://www.cygazette.com/gazette.dll/%7B6FBF01ED-759A-4799-8C16-78E34FF86DC2%7D/AppPgView?IssueNo=4544&PageNo=0&AppNo=3&PartNo=1&IssueDate=1/5/2012 Οδηγία 2008/114/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου, της 8ης Δεκεμβρίου 2008, σχετικά με τον προσδιορισμό και τον χαρακτηρισμό των ευρωπαϊκών υποδομών ζωτικής σημασίας και σχετικά με την αξιολόγηση της ανάγκης βελτίωσης της προστασίας τους]</ref> <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection - EL]</ref><br><br>(equals the EU definition)}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Czech Republic]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritické infrastruktury: Systémy a služby, jejichž nefunkčnost nebo špatná funkčnost by měla závažný dopad na bezpečnost státu, jeho ekonomiku, veřejnou správu a v důsledku na zabezpečení základních životních potřeb obyvatelstva. <ref>http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-561  Výkladový slovník kybernetické bezpečnosti (2013)</ref> <br/><br/>Critical Infrastructure: Systems and services whose unfunctionality or wrong functionality would result in a serious impact on state security, its economy, public administration and in the end on provision of the basic daily needs of population. <ref>[http://www.govcert.cz/download/nodeid-1143/ Act  No. 181 of 23 July 2014 On Cyber Security and Change of Related Acts (Act on Cyber Security)]</ref> }}<br />
 
{{definition|Kritickou infrastrukturou prostředky, systémy a jejich části nacházející se v členském státě, které jsou zásadní pro zachování nejdůležitějších společenských funkcí, zdraví, bezpeč¬ nosti, zabezpečení nebo dobrých hospodářských či sociálních podmínek obyvatel a jejichž narušení nebo zničení by mělo pro členský stát závažný dopad v důsledku selhání těchto funkcí.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/CS/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Denmark]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritisk infrastruktur: aktiver, systemer eller dele deraf, der befinder sig i medlemsstaterne, og som er væsentlige for opretholdelsen af vitale samfundsmæssige funktioner og menneskers sundhed, sikkerhed og økonomiske eller sociale velfærd, og hvis afbrydelse eller ødelæggelse i væsentlig grad vil påvirke en medlemsstat som følge af, at disse funktioner ikke kan opretholdes. <ref>[https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=135381 Bekendtgørelse om identifikation og udpegning af europæisk kritisk infrastruktur på energiområdet og vurdering af behovet for bedre beskyttelse ([[EPCIP]]-direktivet)]</ref> <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DA/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}
 
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==== [[Estonia]] ====
 
{{definition|Elutähtsad infrastruktuurid – ELi liikmesriikides asuv vara, süsteem või nende osa, mis on hädavajalikud eluliselt tähtsate ühiskondlike toimingute, tervishoiu, turvalisuse, julgeoleku, inimeste majandusliku ja sotsiaalse heaolu toimimiseks ning mille kahjustada saamine või hävimine mõjutaks nimetatud toimingute toimimishäire tulemusena oluliselt liikmesriiki.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ET/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Ethiopia]]====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure means a computer system, network or data where any of the crimes ''stipulated under article 3 to 6 of this proclamation'', is committed against it, would have a considerable damage on public safety and the national interest. <ref>[http://www.hopr.gov.et/c/document_library/get_file?p_l_id=258889&folderId=149762&name=DLFE-5203.pdf DRAFT A PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR THE COMPUTER CRIME, Ethiopia]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure means an infrastructure that have considerable damage on public safety and the national interest, if attacked. <ref>[http://www.hopr.gov.et/c/document_library/get_file?p_l_id=114322&folderId=108383&name=DLFE-4016.pdf Federal Nagarit Gazette  Ethiopia, 2 Jan, 2014]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Finland]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure refers to the structures and functions which are indispensable for the vital functions of society. They comprise physical facilities and structures as well as electronic functions and services. <ref>[http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/national-cyber-security-strategies-ncsss/FinlandsCyberSecurityStrategy.pdf Finlands' Cyber Security Strategy]</ref>}}
 
<br />
 
{{definition|Kriittinen infrastruktuuri: perusrakenteet, palvelut ja niihin liittyvät toiminnot, jotka ovat välttämättömiä yhteiskunnan elintärkeiden toimintojen ylläpitämiseksi.<br/><br/>Critical infrastructure comprise basic structures and services and related functions which are essential to maintain the vital operations of society. -''unofficial translation''- <ref name=TSK>[http://www.spek.fi/loader.aspx?id=1c66e01d-a75e-4a9a-80ec-9816340ce752 Vocabulary of Comprehensive Security. Helsinki (TSK 47) (2014)]</ref>}}<br /><br/>
 
{{definition|Elintärkeällä infrastruktuurilla sellaisia jäsenvaltioissa sijaitsevia hyödykkeitä ja järjestelmiä tai niiden osia, jotka ovat keskeisiä yhteiskunnan välttämättömien toimintojen, terveydenhuollon, turvallisuuden, turvatoimien sekä väestön taloudellisen ja sosiaalisen hyvinvoinnin ylläpitämiseksi, ja joiden vahingoittumisella tai tuhoutumisella olisi merkittävä vaikutus jäsenvaltioon sen vuoksi, että näitä toimintoja ei kyetä ylläpitämään.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/FI/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br />
 
{{definition|Kriittinen infrastruktuuri (Critical Infrastructure, CI) käsittää ne rakenteet ja toiminnot, jotka ovat välttämättömiä yhteiskunnan jatkuvalle toiminnalle. Kriittiseen infrastruktuuriin kuuluu sekä fyysisiä laitoksia ja rakenteita että sähköisiä toimintoja ja palveluja.  <ref>[http://www.yhteiskunnanturvallisuus.fi/fi/materiaalit/doc_download/24-yhteiskunnan-turvallisuusstrategia Yhteikunnan Turvallisuusstrategia, Valtioneuvoston periaatepäätös 16.12.2010]</ref><br/><br/>Critical Infrastructure (CI) comprises the structures and functions which are critical for the continuous functioning of society. <ref>[http://www.yhteiskunnanturvallisuus.fi/en/materials/doc_download/26-security-strategy-for-society Security Strategy for Society, Government Resolution 16.12.2010]</ref>}}Näiden turvaaminen tarkoittaa yksittäisten kriittisten kohtien löytämistä ja turvaamista, kuitenkin koko ajan infrastruktuurikokonaisuuden toimintaa silmällä pitäen (This involves physical facilities and structures as  well as electronic functions and services; to guarantee these,  specific critical points must be found and secured while at  the same time paying close attention to the functioning of the infrastructural entity).<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[France]] ====
 
{{definition|Vital infrastructure is any establishment, facility or structure for which the [[damage]], unavailability or destruction as a result of a malicious action, a sabotage or terrorism action could directly or indirectly: if its activity is difficultly substitutable or replaceable, severely burden the war potential or economic potential, the national security or the survivability of the nation, or to seriously affect the population’s health or life.}}
 
 
 
The French original version is:
 
{{definition|Point d’importance vitale (PIV): tout établissement, installation ou ouvrage dont le dommage ou l’indisponibilité ou la destruction par suite d’un acte de malveillance, de sabotage ou de terrorisme risquerait, directement ou indirectement: si son activité est difficilement substituable ou remplaçable, d’obérer gravement le potentiel de guerre ou économique, la sécurité ou la capacité de survie de la nation, ou de mettre gravement en cause la santé ou la vie de la population. <ref>[http://circulaire.legifrance.gouv.fr/pdf/2014/01/cir_37828.pdf INSTRUCTION GENERALE INTERMINISTERIELLE RELATIVE A LA SECURITE DES ACTIVITES D’IMPORTANCE VITALE N°6600/SGDSN/PSE/PSN du 7 janvier 2014, PREMIER MINISTRE, SECRETARIAT GENERAL DE LA DEFENSE ET DE LA SECURITE NATIONALE, Direction Protection et Sécurité de l’Etat N° NOR: PRMD1400503J] </ref>}}
 
 
 
The French government doesn’t use the notion of “criticality” but the notion of “vitality” with the meaning of essential service or infrastructure.
 
<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infrastructure critique: un point, système ou partie de celuici, situé dans les États membres, qui est indispensable au maintien des fonctions vitales de la société, de la santé, de la sûreté, de la sécurité et du bien-être économique ou social des citoyens, et dont l’arrêt ou la destruction aurait un impact significatif dans un État membre du fait de la défaillance de ces fonctions.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/FR/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Germany]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures (CI) are organizational and physical structures and facilities of such vital importance to a nation's society and economy that their [[failure]] or degradation would result in sustained supply shortages, significant [[disruption|disruptions]] of public safety and security, or other dramatic [[consequence|consequences]]. <ref>[http://www.kritis.bund.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/Kritis/EN/CIP-Strategy.pdf National Strategy for Critical Infrastructure Protection(CIP Strategy), BMI 17 June 2009.]</ref><br /><br />Kritische Infrastrukturen (KRITIS) sind Organisationen oder Einrichtungen mit wichtiger Bedeutung für das staatliche Gemeinwesen, bei deren Ausfall oder Beeinträchtigung nachhaltig wirkende Versorgungsengpässe, erhebliche Störungen der öffentlichen Sicherheit oder andere dramatische Folgen eintreten würden. <ref>[http://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/Broschueren/2009/kritis.pdf Nationale Strategie zum Schutz Kritischer Infrastrukturen (KRITIS-Strategie)), BMI 17 June 2009.]</ref>}}<br />
 
The law about IT-security defines CI as:
 
{{definition|Kritische Infrastrukturen ''(im Sinne dieses Gesetzes)'' sind Einrichtungen, Anlagen oder Teile davon, die (1) den Sektoren Energie, Informationstechnik und Telekommunikation, Transport und Verkehr, Gesundheit, Wasser, Ernährung sowie Finanz- und Versicherungswesen angehören und (2) von hoher Bedeutung für das Funktionieren des Gemeinwesens sind, weil durch ihren Ausfall oder ihre Beeinträchtigung erhebliche Versorgungsengpässe oder Gefährdungen für die öffentliche Sicherheit eintreten würden. <ref>[http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/18/040/1804096.pdf Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Erhöhung der Sicherheit informationstechnischer Systeme (IT-Sicherheitsgesetz), Deutsche Bundcestag Drucksache 18/4096 (June, 2015))]</ref><br/><br/> (unofficial translation) Critical infrastructures (within the meaning of this law) are installations or facilities or parts thereof (1) in the Energy, ICT, Transport, Health, Water, Agriculture and Financial sectors and (2) that are key to the functioning of the society while their failure or degration result in serious service disruption or danger to the public security. }}<br /><br/>
 
{{definition|Kritische Infrastruktur die in einem Mitgliedstaat gelegene Anlage, ein System oder ein Teil davon, die von wesentlicher Bedeutung für die Aufrechterhaltung wichtiger gesellschaftlicher Funktionen, der Gesundheit, der Sicherheit und des wirtschaftlichen oder sozialen Wohlergehens der Bevölkerung sind und deren Störung oder Zerstörung erhebliche Auswirkungen auf einen Mitgliedstaat hätte, da diese Funktionen nicht aufrechterhalten werden könnten.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
From a climate change adaptation point of view:
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures are organisations and facilities of great importance to the state, the failure or impairment of which would result in serious supply shortages, considerable disruption of public safety, or other dramatic consequences. <ref>[http://www.germany.info/contentblob/2293498/Daten/426241/Adaptation_DD.pdf Combating Climate Change: The German Adaptation Strategy]</ref>}}<br /><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Greece]] ====
 
{{definition|Ως «υποδομές ζωτικής σημασίας» νοούνται τα περιουσιακά στοιχεία, συστήματα ή μέρη αυτών τα οποία είναι ουσιώδη για τη διατήρηση των λειτουργιών ζωτικής σημασίας της κοινωνίας, της υγείας, της ασφάλειας, της οικονομικής και κοινωνικής ευημερίας των μελών της, και των οποίων η διακοπή λειτουργίας ή η καταστροφή θα είχε σημαντικό αντίκτυπο για τη Χώρα, ως αποτέλεσμα της αδυναμίας διατήρησης των λειτουργιών αυτών.  <ref>[http://www.kemea.gr/documents/pd39-2011.pdf Προεδρικό Διάταγμα 39/2011 της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας που αφορά την προσαρμογή της ελληνικής νομοθεσίας προς τις διατάξεις τις οδηγίας 2008/114/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης.]</ref> <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref><br><br>(equals the EU definition)}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Guinée]] ====
 
{{definition|Infrastructures Critique: les installations physiques et des technologies de l'information et de communications notamment électroniques, les réseaux., les services et les actifs, qui en cas d'arrêt ou de destruction, peuvent avoir de graves incidences sur la santé, la sécurité ou le bien-êtrre social ou économique des citoyens, et/ou le functionnement correct ou continu des services de l'Etat. <ref>[http://www.arpt.gov.gn/sites/default/files/Documentation/loi_l2016037an_relative_a_la_cybersecurite_et_protection_des_do.pdf Loi relative à la cybersecurité et protection des données à caractère personnel en République de Guinée, L/2016/037]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Hungary]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritikus infrastruktúra: a tagállamokban található azon eszközök, rendszerek vagy ezek részei, amelyek elengedhetetlenek a létfontosságú társadalmi feladatok ellátásához, az egészségügyhöz, a biztonsághoz, az emberek gazdasági és szociális jólétéhez, valamint amelyek megzavarása vagy megsemmisítése e feladatok folyamatos ellátásának hiánya miatt jelentős következményekkel járna valamely tagállamban.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/HU/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref> <ref>[http://faolex.fao.org/docs/texts/hun129219.doc  Act No.CLXVI of 2012 on the identification, designation and protection of essential systems and facilities.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
==== [[India]] ====
 
==== [[India]] ====
{{definition|Critical infrastructure comprises those facilities, systems, or functions, whose incapacity or destruction would cause a debilitating impact on national security, governance, economy and social well-being of a nation. <ref>[http://workshop.nkn.in/2015/sources/speakers/sessions/NKN_NCIIPC.pdf workshop presentation by the NATIONAL CRITICAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION CENTRE (NCIIPC), 2015]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
+
{{definition|Critical Facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. <ref>[https://ndma.gov.in/images/policyplan/dmplan/National%20Disaster%20Management%20Plan%20May%202016.pdf National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP)- (2016)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
==== [[Ireland]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Israel]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure is anything that would undermine stability in society and thus lead to threats to national security. It is emphasized that infrastructure is a system that combines various objects, links between them, and providing certain types of human activity. <ref>[https://ironscales.com/blog-how-machine-learning-can-stop-phishing-attacks-critical-infrastructure/ from blog on machine learning]</ref>}}
 
<br />
 
 
 
==== [[Italy]] ====
 
{{definition|Infrastruttura critica (IC): infrastruttura, ubicata in uno Stato membro dell'Unione europea, che e' essenziale per il mantenimento delle funzioni vitali della societa', della salute, della sicurezza e del benessere economico e sociale della popolazione ed il cui danneggiamento o la cui distruzione avrebbe un impatto significativo in quello Stato, a causa dell'impossibilita' di mantenere tali funzioni. <ref>[http://gazzette.comune.jesi.an.it/2011/102/1.htm DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 11 aprile 2011 , n. 61 Attuazione della Direttiva 2008/114/CE recante l'individuazione e la designazione delle infrastrutture critiche europee e la valutazione della necessita' di migliorarne la protezione. (11G0101]</ref>}}
 
<br />
 
{{definition|Infrastruttura critica un elemento, un sistema o parte di questo ubicato negli Stati membri che è essenziale per il mantenimento delle funzioni vitali della società, della salute, della sicurezza e del benessere economico e sociale dei cittadini ed il cui danneggiamento o la cui distruzione avrebbe un impatto significativo in uno Stato membro a causa dell’impossibilità di mantenere tali funzioni.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/IT/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br />
 
{{definition|Infrastruttura critiche: Sistemi, risorse e reti, e loro insiemi – sia fisici che virtuali – essenziali per lo svolgimento delle funzioni vitali di uno o più Stati.  <ref>[https://www.sicurezzanazionale.gov.it/sisr.nsf/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Glossario-intelligence-2013.pdf IL LINGUAGGIO DEGLI ORGANISMI INFORMATIVI Glossario (2013)]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition|Infrastruttura critica: Sistema, risorsa, processo, assetto, anche virtuale, la cui distruzione, interruzione o anche parziale o momentanea indisponibilità ha l’effetto di indebolire in maniera significativa l'efficienza e il funzionamento normale di un Paese, ma anche la sicurezza e il sistema economico-finanziario e sociale, compresi gli apparati della Pubblica Amministrazione centrale e locale.  <ref>[http://www.protezionecivile.gov.it/jcms/it/glossario.wp?letter=I Protezione Civile Glossario]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Jamaica]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures include systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so critical that the incapacitation or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination thereof. <ref>[http://www.mstem.gov.jm/sites/default/files/documents/Jamaica%20National%20Cyber%20Security%20Strategy.pdf Jamaica's National Cyber Security Strategy]</ref>}}This may include water and sewage networks, agriculture, health systems, emergency services, information technology and telecommunications, banking and finance, energy (electrical and wind generated), transportation (air, road, port), postal and shipping entities.
 
<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Japan]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures are the basis of people’s social lives and economic activities formed by businesses that provide services which are extremely difficult to be substituted by others if its function is suspended, deteriorated or become unavailable, it could have significant impacts on people’s social lives and economic activities. <ref>[http://www.nisc.go.jp/eng/pdf/actionplan_ci_eng_v2.pdf The Information Security Policy Council, The Second Action Plan on Information Security Measures for Critical Infrastructures, Japan (2009)]</ref>}}
 
<br /><br />
 
==== [[Kenya]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures describe assets that are essential for the functioning of a society and economy. (e.g., electrical grid, telecommunications,water supply).  <ref>[http://www.icta.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/GOK-national-cybersecurity-strategy.pdf  Kenya's National Cyber Security Strategy]</ref>}}
 
<br /><br />
 
====[[Kingdom of Saudi Arabia]]====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure is defined as system and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to KSA that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters. <ref> [http://www.mcit.gov.sa/Ar/MediaCenter/PubReqDocuments/NISS_Draft_7_EN.pdf Developing National Information Security Strategy for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia NISS draft 7]</ref>}}<br /><br>
 
 
 
==== [[Kosovo]] ====
 
{{definition|Infrastrukturë kritike është prona ose institucioni me rëndësi të madhe për të mirën publike, dështimi apo cenimi i të cilave do të qonte drejt tkurrjeve të qëndrueshme të furnizimit, çrregullimeve të konsiderueshme të sigurisë publike, apo pasoja të tjera dramatike. <ref>[http://stikk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Strategjia_Shteterore_per_Sigurine_Kibernetike_dhe_Plani_i_Veprimit_2016-2019.pdf Strategjia Shtetërore për Sigurinë Kibernetike dhe Plani i Veprimit 2016 – 2019]</ref><br/><br/>Critical infrastructures are assets or institutions with major importance for the public good, whose failure or damage would lead to sustainable supply bottlenecks, considerable disturbance of public security or other dramatic consequences. <ref>[http://www.kryeministri-ks.net/repository/docs/National_Cyber_Security_Strategy_and_Action_Plan_2016-2019_per_publikim_1202.pdf National Cyber Security Strategy and Action Plan 2016 – 2019 (2016)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Latvia]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure is the objects, systems, or their parts in Latvia, which are important in providing the performance of functions essential to society, as well as for ensuring the protection of human health, [[security]], economic or social welfare, whose destruction or malfunctioning may significantly influence the performance of state functions. <ref>[http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/national-cyber-security-strategies-ncsss/lv-ncss  CYBER SECURITY STRATEGY OF LATVIA 2014–2018]</ref>}}
 
The critical infrastructure of information technology is protected in order to ensure the performance of basic functions essential to the state and society.
 
<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Kritiskā infrastruktūra ir dalībvalstīs izvietoti objekti, sistēmas vai to daļas, kuras ir būtiskas, lai nodrošinātu svarīgu sabiedrības funkciju darbību, cilvēku veselības aizsardzību, drošumu, drošību, cilvēku ekonomisko vai sociālo labklājību, un kuru darbības traucējumi vai iznīcināšana būtiski ietekmētu attiecīgo dalībvalsti, jo tā nespētu turpmāk nodrošināt šo funkciju īstenošanu. <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LV/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Lithuania]] ====
 
{{definition|Ypatingos svarbos infrastruktūros objektas – turtas, sistema ar jų dalis, esantys valstybėse narėse, kurie yra ypač svarbūs esminėms visuomeninėms funkcijoms, žmonių sveikatai, saugai, saugumui, ekonominei ar socialinei gerovei palaikyti, ir kurių veikimo sutrikdymas ar sunaikinimas, dėl šių funkcijų nepalaikymo turėtų didelį poveikį valstybei narei.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LT/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Luxembourg]] ====
 
{{definition|Infrastructure critique: un point, système ou partie de celui-ci, situé dans les Etats membres de l'Union européenne, qui est indispensable au maintien des fonctions vitales de la société, de la santé, de la sûreté, de la sécurité et du bien-être économique ou social des citoyens, et dont l'arrêt ou la destruction aurait un impact significatif dans un Etat membre du fait de la défaillance de ces fonctions. <ref>[http://www.legilux.public.lu/rgl/2012/A/0449/A.pdf Règlement grand-ducal du 12 mars 2012 portant application de la directive 2008/114/CE du Conseil du 8 décembre 2008 ]</ref> <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/FR/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}} <br /><br />
 
 
 
====[[Malta]]====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure or CI means an [[asset]], system or part thereof located in Malta which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant [[impact]] in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions (equals the EU definition). <ref>CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES AND EUROPEAN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES (IDENTIFICATION, DESIGNATION AND PROTECTION) ORDER, SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION 460.24, 8th November, 2011. </ref>}} <br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infrastruttura kritika tfisser assi, sistema jew parti minnhom li jinsabu fl-Istati Membri essenzjali għall-manteniment ta’ funzjonijiet vitali tas-soċjetà, is-saħħa, is-sigurtà, is-sikurezza, il-benessere ekonomiku jew soċjali tal-poplu u li t-tfixkil jew il-qerda tagħhom ikollu impatt sinifikanti fi Stat Membru bħala riżultat tal-falliment biex jinżammu dawk il-funzjonijiet.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/MT/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
====[[Montenegro]]====
 
{{definition| Kritična infrastruktura – se odnosi na imovinu, sisteme, usluge ili njihov dio, čijim bi se prekidom rada ili uništenjem, ugrozile ključne društvene funkcije: zdravlje, mir, bezbjednost, ekonomsko i socijalno blagostanje ili normalno funkcionisanje države. <ref>[http://www.mid.gov.me/ResourceManager/FileDownload.aspx?rid=146722&rType=2&file=Strategija%20o%20bezbjednosti%202013-2017.pdf Strategija o bezbjednosti 2013-2017 (2012)]</ref><br /><br/>Critical infrastructure relates to property, systems, services, or part thereof, which would be an interruption of service or destruction, threaten key social functions: health, peace, security, economic and social well-being or the normal functioning of the state (equals the EU definition). }}<br />
 
 
 
==== [[Netherlands]] ====
 
{{definition|Vitale Infrastructuur zijn producten, diensten en de onderliggende processen die, als zij uitvallen, maatschappelijke ontwrichting kunnen veroorzaken. <ref>[http://www.infopuntveiligheid.nl/Publicatie/Dossier/10/vitale-infrastructuur.html De Nationaal Coördinator Terrorismebestrijding (2004)]</ref><br><br>Critical infrastructures (Dutch: Vitale Infrastructuur) refers to products, services and the accompanying processes that, in the event of [[disruption]] or [[failure]], could cause major social disturbance. <ref>[https://zoek.officielebekendmakingen.nl/kst-26643-75-b1.pdf  Bijlage bij Kamerstuk 26643 nr. 75 Rapportage Bescherming Vitale Infrastructuur]</ref>}}
 
"This could be in the form of tremendous casualties and severe economic [[damage]], or in terms of an extremely lengthy [[recovery]] period and a lack of any readily available viable alternatives, while we depend on these products and services. Because the [[consequence|consequences]] of this critical infrastructure – or parts thereof – could be so dire for large segments of the Dutch population, extra attention must be given to its [[protection]]. Accordingly, this protection is designed to prevent [[disruption]] and concerns the [[protection]] against technical-organisational failings, overloading, and extreme natural phenomena or intentional or unintentional human action."(In Dutch: "Dat kan zijn omdat er sprake is van veel slachtoffers en grote economische schade, dan wel wanneer herstel zeer lang gaat duren en er geen reële alternatieven voorhanden zijn, terwijl deze producten en diensten niet gemist kunnen worden."<br />
 
 
 
<big>
 
Since April 2015, The Netherlands recognises <ref>https://www.nctv.nl/actueel/nieuws/kabinet-versterkt-crisisbeheersing.aspx?cp=126&cs=59950 Voortgangsbrief nationale veiligheid 9 april 2015</ref> two categories in criticality of critical infrastructure:<br />
 
Category A: at least impact on one of the following four impact categories:
 
# economic impact: > 50.000 million euro costs and damages, or 5.0% decrease in real income
 
# physical impact: > 10.000 deaths, severely injured or chronically ill
 
# social-psychological impact: > 1 million persons are emotionally affected or experience serious societal survivability problems (fear, anger, disturbance)
 
# cascade impact: this disruption causes failure of minimal two other (critical) sectors
 
 
 
Category B: at least impact on one of the following three impact categories:
 
# economic impact: > 5.000 million euro costs and damages, or 1.0% decrease in real income
 
# physical impact: > 1.000 deaths, severely injured or chronically ill
 
# social-psychological impact: > 100.000 persons are emotionally affected or experience serious societal survivability problems <br />
 
</big>
 
{{definition|Kritieke infrastructuur: een voorziening, systeem of een deel daarvan op het grondgebied van de lidstaten dat van essentieel belang is voor het behoud van vitale maatschappelijke functies, de gezondheid, de veiligheid, de beveiliging, de economische welvaart of het maatschappelijk welzijn, waarvan de verstoring of vernietiging in een lidstaat aanzienlijke gevolgen zou hebben doordat die functies ontregeld zouden raken.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/NL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}Noot: In Nederland wordt de term Vitale Infrastructuur gebruikt.<br /><br />
 
 
 
=====General Security and Intelligence Service (AIVD)=====
 
{{definition|Sectoren en delen van de infrastructuur die zo vitaal (van wezenlijk belang) zijn voor de Nederlandse samenleving dat uitval of ernstige verstoring ervan grote maatschappelijke schade tot gevolg kan hebben. <ref>[http://www.aivdkennisbank.nl/begrippenlijst/ General Security and Intelligence Service]</ref>}}<br />
 
 
 
==== [[New Zealand]] ====
 
{{definition|National Critical infrastructure is a term used by governments to describe assets that are essential for the functioning of a society and economy. <ref>[http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/national-cyber-security-strategies-ncsss/nzcybersecuritystrategyjune2011_0.pdf New Zealand’s Cyber Security Strategy (2011)]</ref>}}
 
For instance, electricity generation, gas production, telecommunications, water supply etc.
 
<br /><br />
 
==== [[Norway]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritisk infrastruktur er de anlegg og systemer som er helt nødvendige for å opprettholde samfunnets kritiske funksjoner som igjen dekker samfunnets grunnleggende behov og befolkningens trygghetsfølelse (NOU 6:2006, s. 31).<br /><br/>Critical infrastructure is the construction and systems essential to maintain society's critical features which covers society's basic needs and population's sense of security. <ref>[http://www.dsb.no/Global/Publikasjoner/2011/Rapport/KIKS.pdf VEILEDNING Sikkerhet i kritisk infrastruktur og kritiske samfunnsfunksjoner – modell for overordnet risikostyring]</ref><br />}}
 
Society’s functional ability is highly dependent on a number of physical and technical infrastructures. In the event of a failure in these infrastructures, society will be unable to maintain the supply of goods and services on which the population depends (cf. critical societal functions). These infrastructures can be described as critical to society. <ref>[https://www.regjeringen.no/globalassets/upload/fad/vedlegg/ikt-politikk/cyber_security_strategy_norway.pdf Cyber Security Strategy for Norway (2012)]</ref><br /><br />
 
==== [[Pakistan]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure includes the infrastructures so designated by any Government in Pakistan and such other assets, systems and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the State or its organs including judicature that their incapacitation or destruction may have a debilitating effect on national security, economy, public health, safety or matters related thereto. <ref>[http://www.na.gov.pk/uploads/documents/1421399434_340.pdf Government Proposed And Modified Cybercrime Bill 2015 approved by National Assembly, May 2016]</ref>}}<br /><br/>
 
==== [[Paraguay]] ====
 
{{definition|Infraestructura Crítica: las infraestructuras críticas consisten en sistemas y activos, físico o virtuales, esenciales para el mantenimiento de funciones sociales vitales, la salud, la integridad física, la seguridad, y el bienestar social y económico de la población, y cuya perturbación o destrucción tendría un impacto debilitante en la seguridad nacional, afectando gravemente al país. <ref>[https://www.senatics.gov.py/download_file/909 Plan Nacional de Ciberseguridad, República del Paraguay, 2016]</ref>}}<br /><br/>  
 
 
 
 
==== [[Philippines]] ====
 
==== [[Philippines]] ====
{{definition|Critical infrastructure refers to the computer systems, and/or networks, whether physical or virtual, and/or the computer programs, computer data and/or traffic data so vital to this country that the incapacity or destruction of or interference with such system and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national or economic security, national public health and safety, or any combination of those matters. <ref>[http://www.gov.ph/2012/09/12/republic-act-no-10175/ Republic Act No. 10175, 2012]</ref>}}<br />
+
{{definition|Critical facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. They include such things as transport systems, air and sea ports, electricity, water and communications systems, hospitals and health clinics, and centers for fire, police, and public administration services. <ref>[http://www.dilg.gov.ph/PDF_File/reports_resources/DILG-Resources-2012116-420ac59e31.pdf The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan NDRRMP 2011-2028, Philippines (2011)]</ref>}}Ref: (Terminology on DRR. UNISDR, 2009)<br/><br/>
{{definition|Critical infrastructure are the assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the state that their incapacitation or destruction would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination thereof. <ref>[http://www.dnd.gov.ph/miss/PDF/downloadables/Cybersecurity%20Glossary%20(Edited).pdf DND GLOSSARY OF CYBER SECURITY TERMS (v.4)]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Poland]] ====
 
{{definition|A critical infrastructure shall be understood as [[system|systems]] and mutually bound functional objects contained therein, including constructions, facilities, installations and services of key importance for the [[security]] of the state and its citizens, as well as serving to ensure efficient functioning of public administration authorities, institutions and enterprises. <ref>[http://www.tevalis.fr/images/ArticleICCWS2014.pdf Polish Government Centre for Security (2013)]</ref>}}<br />
 
{{definition|Infrastruktura krytyczna to systemy oraz wchodzące w ich skład powiązane ze sobą funkcjonalnie obiekty, w tym obiekty budowlane, urządzenia, instalacje, usługi kluczowe dla bezpieczeństwa państwa i jego obywateli oraz służące zapewnieniu sprawnego funkcjonowania administracji publicznej, a także instytucji i przedsiębiorców. <ref>[http://rcb.gov.pl/infrastruktura-krytyczna/ INFRASTRUKTURA KRYTYCZNA webpage]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infrastruktura krytyczna oznacza składnik, system lub część infrastruktury zlokalizowane na terytorium państw członkowskich, które mają podstawowe znaczenie dla utrzymania niezbędnych funkcji społecznych, zdrowia, bezpieczeństwa, ochrony, dobrobytu materialnego lub społecznego ludności oraz których zakłócenie lub zniszczenie miałoby istotny wpływ na dane państwo członkowskie w wyniku utracenia tych funkcji.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/PL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[Portugal]] ====
 
{{definition|Infra-estrutura crítica: a componente, sistema ou parte deste situado em território nacional que é essencial para a manutenção de funções vitais para a sociedade, a saúde, a segurança e o bem -estar económico ou social, e cuja perturbação ou destruição teria um impacto significativo, dada a impossibilidade de continuar a assegurar essas funções. <ref>[http://www.fd.unl.pt/docentes_docs/ma/aens_MA_20261.pdf Decreto-Lei n.º 62/2011 de 9 de Maio (2011)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infra-estrutura crítica, o elemento, sistema ou parte deste situado nos Estados-Membros que é essencial para a manutenção de funções vitais para a sociedade, a saúde, a segurança e o bem-estar económico ou social, e cuja perturbação ou destruição teria um impacto significativo num Estado- -Membro, dada a impossibilidade de continuar a assegurar essas funções.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/PT/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Qatar]] ====
 
{{definition|Physical [[Asset|assets]], systems or installations, which if disrupted, compromised, or destroyed, would have a serious impact on the health, safety, security, or economic well-being of Qatar or the effective functioning of the Qatari government. <ref>[http://www.ictqatar.qa/ar/cyber-security/national-cyber-security-strategy QATAR National Cyber Security Strategy (May 2014)]</ref> <ref>[http://www.ictqatar.qa/en/file/14711/download?token=3QAJdSyz الاستراتيجية الوطنية للأمن السيبراني QATAR NCSS - Arabic version (May 2014)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
 
==== [[Republic of Trinidad & Tobago]] ====
 
==== [[Republic of Trinidad & Tobago]] ====
{{definition|Critical infrastructure means computer systems, devices, networks, computer programs, computer data, so vital to the country that the incapacity or destruction of or interference with such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on [[security]], defence or international relations of the State; or provision of services directly related to national or economic security, banking and financial services, communications infrastructure, national public health and safety, public transportation, public key infrastructure or any combination of those matters. <ref>[http://www.nationalsecurity.gov.tt/Portals/0/Pdf%20Files/National_Cyber_Security%20Strategy_Final.pdf Government of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago, National Cyber Security Strategy (December 2012)]</ref>}}
+
{{definition|Critical facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an [[emergency]]. <ref>[http://www.odpm.gov.tt/sites/default/files/Comprehensive%20Disaster%20Management%20Policy%20Framework%20for%20Trinidad%20and%20Tobago.pdf Comprehensive Disaster Management Policy Framework for Trinidad and Tobago]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
Note: this actually is a definition of CII.
+
<!--
<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Romania]] ====
 
{{definition|Infrastructură critică înseamnă un element, un sistem sau o componentă a acestuia, aflat pe teritoriul statelor membre, care este esențial pentru menținerea funcțiilor societale vitale, a sănătății, siguranței, securității, bunăstării sociale sau economice a persoanelor, șiacăror perturbare sau distrugere ar avea un impact semnificativ într-un stat membru ca urmare a incapacității de a menține respectivele funcții.  <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/RO/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Russian Federation]] ====
 
{{definition|критически важный объект инфраструктуры Российской Федерации (далее - критически важный объект) - объект, нарушение (или прекращение) функционирования которого приводит к потере управления, разрушению инфраструктуры, необратимому негативному изменению (или разрушению) экономики страны, субъекта Российской Федерации либо административно- территориальной единицы или существенному ухудшению безопасности жизнедеятельности населения, проживающего на этих территориях, на длительный срок.<br /><br />Critical infrastructure of the Russian Federation is an object the violation (or termination) of operation thereof leads to a loss of control, destruction of infrastructure, irreversible negative changes (or failure) of the economy, a subject of the Russian Federation or administrative-territorial units or a significant deterioration in health and safety of people living in these areas, for the long term.  <ref>[http://www.scrf.gov.ru/documents/6/113.html NATIONAL SECURITY OF RUSSIA - Information security (February 3, 2012, № 803)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Slovakia]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritická infraštruktúra definovaná ako tá časť národnej infraštruktúry (vybrané organizácie a inštitúcie, objekty, sústavy, zariadenia, služby a systémy), ktorej zničenie alebo znefunkčnenie v dôsledku pôsobenia rizikového faktora spôsobí ohrozenie alebo narušenie politického a hospodárskeho chodu štátu alebo ohrozenie života a zdravia obyvateľstva. <ref>[http://www.economy.gov.sk/narodny-program-pre-ochranu-a-obranu-kritickej-infrastruktury-v-slovenskej-republike--pdf-/136156s Národný program pre ochranu a obranu kritickej infraštruktúry v Slovenskej republike]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Kritická infraštruktúra je zložka, systém alebo ich časť nachádzajúca sa v členských štátoch, ktorá je nevyhnutná pre zachovanie základných funkcií spoločnosti, zdravia, ochrany, bezpečnosti, kvality života obyvateľov z ekonomického a sociálneho hľadiska, a ktorej narušenie alebo zničenie by malo závažné dôsledky v členskom štáte z dôvodu nemožnosti zachovať tieto funkcie.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/SK/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br />
 
{{definition|Kritická infraštruktúra: Najmä objekty osobitnej dôležitosti, ďalšie dôležité objekty,  vybrané informačné a komunikačné prostriedky, zariadenia na výrobu a zásobovanie vodou, elektrickou energiou, ropou a zemným plynom a ďalšie časti majetku štátu a podnikateľských právnických a fyzických osôb určené vládou SR alebo iným kompetentným orgánom štátnej správy, ktoré sú nevyhnutné na zvládnutie krízových situácií, ochranu obyvateľstva a majetku, na zaistenie minimálneho chodu ekonomiky a správy štátu, ako aj jeho vonkajšej a vnútornej bezpečnosti a ktoré treba špeciálne ochraňovať. Sú to zariadenia, služby a informačné systémy životne dôležité pre obyvateľov a riadenie štátu, ktorých nefunkčnosť alebo zničenie môže ohroziť bezpečnostné záujmy štátu. <ref>[http://archiv.vlada.gov.sk/old.uv/data/files/2365.doc BEZPEČNOSTNÁ RADA SLOVENSKEJ REPUBLIKY]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Slovenia]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritična infrastruktura državnega pomena v Republiki Sloveniji obsega tiste zmogljivosti in storitve, ki so ključnega pomena za državo in bi prekinitev njihovega delovanja ali njihovo uničenje pomembno vplivalo in imelo resne posledice na nacionalno varnost, gospodarstvo, ključne družbene funkcije, zdravje, varnost in zaščito ter družbeno blaginjo. <ref>[http://www.mo.gov.si/si/delovna_podrocja/zascita_kriticne_infrastrukture/]</ref><br>(equals the EU definition)}}<br/><br/>
 
{{definition|Kritična infrastruktura pomeni infrastrukturno zmogljivost, sistem ali njun del, ki se nahaja v državah članicah in je bistven za vzdrževanje ključnih družbenih funkcij, zdravja, varnosti, zaščite, gospodarske in družbene blaginje ljudi ter katerih okvara ali uničenje bi imelo v državi članici resne posledice zaradi nezmožnosti vzdrževanja teh funkcij.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/SL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Spain]] ====
 
{{definition|The strategic infrastructures (that is, those that supply essential services) the functioning of which is necessary and does not allow alternative solutions, reason why their disruption or destruction would have serious impact on essential services. <ref>[http://www.cnpic.es/en/Preguntas_Frecuentes/Que_es_una_Infraestructura_Critica/index.html CNPIC]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Infraestructura crítica, el elemento, sistema o parte de este situado en los Estados miembros que es esencial para el mantenimiento de funciones sociales vitales, la salud, la integridad física, la seguridad, y el bienestar social y económico de la población y cuya perturbación o destrucción afectaría gravemente a un Estado miembro al no poder mantener esas funciones.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ES/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Sweden]]====
 
{{definition|Samhällsviktig verksamhet (essential services): Med samhällsviktig verksamhet avses en verksamhet som uppfyller minst ett av följande villkor: (1) Ett bortfall av, eller en svår störning i verksamheten som ensamt eller tillsammans med motsvarande händelser i andra verksamheter på kort tid kan leda till att en allvarlig kris inträffar i samhället (2) Verksamheten är nödvändig eller mycket väsentlig för att en redan inträffad kris i samhället ska kunna hanteras så att skadeverkningarna blir så små som möjligt. <ref>[https://www.msb.se/RibData/Filer/pdf/27271.pdf Handlingsplan för skydd av samhällsviktig verksamhet, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) (2014)]</ref><br/>(''this equals the EU definition'') <ref>[https://www.msb.se/RibData/Filer/pdf/27412.pdf Action Plan for the Protection of Vital Societal Functions & Critical Infrastructure, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) (2014)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Kritisk infrastruktur: anläggningar, system eller delar av dessa belägna i medlemsstaterna som är nödvändiga för att upprätthålla centrala samhällsfunktioner, hälsa, säkerhet, trygghet och människors ekonomiska eller sociala välfärd och där driftsstörning eller förstörelse av dessa skulle få betydande konsekvenser i en medlemsstat till följd av att man inte lyckas upprätthålla dessa funktioner.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/SV/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
==== [[Switzerland]] ====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure refers to infrastructure whose [[disruption]], [[failure]] or destruction would have serious implications for society, the private sector and the state. <ref>[http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/Resilience-and-CIIP/national-cyber-security-strategies-ncsss/National_strategy_for_the_protection_of_Switzerland_against_cyber_risksEN.pdf National strategy for the protection of Switzerland against cyber risks (2012)]</ref><br/><br/>Kritische Infrastrukturen sind Infrastrukturen, deren Störung, Ausfall oder Zerstörung gravierende Auswirkungen auf das Funktionieren der Gesellschaft, der Wirtschaft und des Staates haben. <ref>[http://www.bevoelkerungsschutz.admin.ch/internet/bs/de/home/themen/ski/leitfaden.parsysrelated1.85483.DownloadFile.tmp/leitfadenski2015de.pdf Leitfaden Schutz kritischer Infrastrukturen 2015]</ref><br/><br/>Infrastructures critiques (IC): Il s’agit d’infrastructures dont le dérangement, la défaillance ou la destruction peut avoir des conséquences graves pour la société, l’économie et les pouvoirs publics. <ref>[http://www.bevoelkerungsschutz.admin.ch/internet/bs/fr/home/themen/ski/aktuell.parsys.56506.DownloadFile.tmp/leitfadenski2015fr.pdf Guide pour la protection des infrastructures critiques 2015/Glossaire des risques, Office fédéral de la protection de la population, 29.4.2013]</ref><br/><br/>Le infrastrutture critiche sono quelle il cui mancato funzionamento a causa di perturbazioni, guasti o distruzione hanno gravi ripercussioni sulla società, sull’economia e sullo Stato. <ref>[http://www.bevoelkerungsschutz.admin.ch/internet/bs/it/home/themen/gefaehrdungen-risiken.parsysrelated1.49227.downloadList.52339.DownloadFile.tmp/20130422glossarit.pdf Glossario sui rischi, 29.4.2013]</ref>}} <br/>
 
<br/>
 
 
 
==== [[Turkey]] ====
 
{{definition|Kritik altyapılar: İşlediği bilgi/verinin gizliliği, bütünlüğü veya erişilebilirliği bozulduğunda: (a) Can kaybına, (b) Büyük ölçekli ekonomik zarara, (c) Ulusal güvenlik açıklarına veya kamu düzeninin bozulmasına yol açabilecek bilişim sistemlerini barındıran altyapıları. <ref>[http://www.udhb.gov.tr/doc/siberg/2016-2019guvenlik.pdf 2016-2019 ULUSAL SİBER GÜVENLİK STRATEJİSİ]</ref>}}
 
(definition points more to CII than CI)<br />
 
 
 
==== [[Uganda]] ====
 
{{definition|Uganda uses the aformentioned ITU-T definition. <ref>[http://www.nita.go.ug/sites/default/files/publications/National%20Information%20Security%20Policy%20v1.0_0.pdf National Information Security Policy (2011)]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
==== [[United Kingdom|United Kingdom (UK)]] ====
 
<big>The United Kingdom (UK) defines '''national infrastructure''' as:</big>
 
{{definition|''those facilities, systems, sites and networks necessary for the functioning of the country and the delivery of the essential services upon which daily life in the UK depends''. <ref> [http://www.cpni.gov.uk/about/cni/ Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI)]</ref>}}
 
<big>
 
In the approach of the UK, infrastructure is categorised according to its value or “criticality” and the [[impact]] of its loss. This categorisation is done using the Government “[[Criticality Scale]]”, which assigns categories for different degrees of severity of [[impact]].
 
 
 
Not everything within a national infrastructure sector is “critical”. Within the sectors there are certain “critical” elements of [[infrastructure]], the loss or compromise of which would have a major detrimental [[impact]] on the [[availability]] or [[integrity]] of essential services, leading to severe economic or social [[consequence|consequences]] or to loss of life. These “critical” assets make up the nation's [[Critical National Infrastructure|critical national infrastructure]] ([[NCI|CNI]]) and are referred to individually as “infrastructure assets”. Infrastructure [[asset|assets]] may be physical (e.g. sites, installations, pieces of equipment) or logical (e.g. information networks, systems).</big>
 
<br /><br />
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions.  <ref> [http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008L0114&from=EN Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection.]</ref>}}<br /><br />
 
 
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure (CI): A term used to describe [[Critical National Infrastructure]] and other infrastructure of national significance as well as infrastructure and assets of local significance. <ref>[https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/61046/EP_Glossary_amends_18042012_0.pdf Cabinet Office, Glossary - Revision to Emergency Preparedness 2011]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure:  Critical infrastructure is therefore a broad term used to describe Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) and other infrastructure of national significance, as well as infrastructure and assets of local significance. <ref>[ http://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/128797/LEXICON_v2_1_1-Feb-2013.xls UK Civil Protection Lexicon 2013]</ref>}}<br/><br/>
 
 
 
==== [[United States]] ====
 
===== Patriot Act=====
 
{{definition|[[System|Systems]] and [[asset|assets]], whether physical or virtual, so [[Vital Services|vital services]] to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating [[impact]] on [[security]], national economic security, national public health or [[safety]], or any combination of those matters. <ref>[http://epic.org/privacy/terrorism/hr3162.html §1016(e) of the United States Patriot Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. §5195c(e))]</ref>}}<br />
 
===== [[DoD]]=====
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR) — The infrastructure and assets vital to a nation’s security, governance, public health and safety, economy, and public confidence (source: JP 3-27). <ref>[http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp1_02.pdf Joint Publication 1-02: Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (2016)]</ref>}}<br/>
 
{{definition|'''Defense''' critical infrastructure (DCI): Department of Defense and non-Department of Defense networked assets and facilities essential to project, support, and sustain military forces and operations worldwide. (JP 3-27). <ref>[http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp1_02.pdf Joint Publication 1-02: Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (2016)]</ref>}}<br/><br />
 
 
 
 
===Standard Definition===
 
===Standard Definition===
==== [[ISO|ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013]] ====
 
 
{{definition|Organizations and facilities that are essential for the functioning of society and the economy as a whole. <ref>[http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43759 ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013 Information technology -- Security techniques -- Information security management guidelines based on ISO/IEC 27002 for process control systems specific to the energy utility industry.]</ref>}}
 
 
<big>The standard notes that a [[failure]] or malfunction of such organizations and facilities would result in sustained supply shortfalls, make a significant [[impact]] on public security and have other wide ranging [[impact|impacts]].</big>
 
 
 
 
===Other Definitions===
 
===Other Definitions===
==== International Risk Governance Council (IRCG) ====
+
-->
 
 
{{definition|Critical infrastructures are the systems and facilities by which essential services are supplied <ref>[http://www.irgc.org/issues/critical-infrastructures/managing-and-reducing-social-vulnerabilities-fromcoupled-critical-infra-structures/ IRCG webpage on CI]</ref>. }}
 
 
 
<big>The standard notes that a [[failure]] or malfunction of such organizations and facilities would result in sustained supply shortfalls, make a significant [[impact]] on public security and have other wide ranging [[impact|impacts]].</big>
 
 
 
==== [[Ontario]] ([[Canada]]) ====
 
{{definition|Critical Infrastructure (CI): interdependent, interactive, interconnected networks of institutions, services, systems and processes that meet vital human needs, sustain the economy, protect public safety and security, and maintain continuity of and confidence in government. <ref  name="Ontario">[https://www.emergencymanagementontario.ca/english/emcommunity/response_resources/GlossaryOfTerms/glossary_of_terms.html Province of Ontario’s Emergency Management Glossary of Terms ]</ref><br /><br />Infrastructure essentielle: réseaux interdépendants, interactifs et interconnectés d’institutions, de services, de systèmes et de processus qui répondent aux besoins vitaux des êtres humains, soutiennent l’économie, protègent la sécurité publique, assurent la continuité des services gouvernementaux et maintiennent la confiance du public envers le gouvernement. <ref  name="Ontario">[https://www.emergencymanagementontario.ca/english/emcommunity/response_resources/GlossaryOfTerms/glossary_of_terms.html Province of Ontario’s Emergency Management Glossary of Terms ]</ref>}}<br />
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[European Critical Infrastructure]]
 
* [[European Critical Infrastructure]]
 +
* [[Critical Infrastructure]]
 
* [[Critical Infrastructure Protection]]
 
* [[Critical Infrastructure Protection]]
 
* [[Critical Infrastructure Sector]]
 
* [[Critical Infrastructure Sector]]
  
==History==
+
 
==== European Council COM(2006)787 ====
 
{{definition|Those assets or parts thereof which are essential for the maintenance of critical societal functions, including the supply chain, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people. <ref>[http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/site/en/com%/2006/com2006_0787en01.pdf EC COM(2006) 787 final, Directive of the Council on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructure and the assessment of the need to improve their protection, EC, Brussels 12.12.2006.]</ref> }}
 
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
Line 304: Line 48:
  
 
[[Category:Infrastructure]][[Category:Policy]]
 
[[Category:Infrastructure]][[Category:Policy]]
{{#set:defined by=EU|defined by=ITU-T|defined by=NATO|defined by=UNISDR|defined by=Australia|defined by=Austria|defined by=Barbados|defined by=Belgium|defined by=Brazil|defined by=Bulgaria|defined by=Canada|defined by=Colombia|defined by=Croatia|defined by=Cuba|defined by=Cyprus|defined by=Czech Republic|defined by=Denmark|defined by=Estonia|defined by=Ethiopia|defined by=Finland|defined by=France|defined by=Germany|defined by=Greece|defined by=Guinée|defined by=Hungary|defined by=India|defined by=Italy|defined by=Israel|defined by=Ireland|defined by=Jamaica|defined by=Japan|defined by=Kenya|defined by=Kingdom of Saudi Arabia|defined by=Kosovo|defined by=Latvia|defined by=Lithuania|defined by=Luxembourg|defined by=Malta|defined by=Montenegro|defined by=Netherlands|defined by=New Zealand|defined by=Norway|defined by=Pakistan|defined by=Paraguay|defined by=Philippines|defined by=Poland|defined by=Portugal|defined by=Romania|defined by=Qatar|defined by=Republic of Slovenia|defined by=Slovenia|defined by=Slovakia|defined by=Spain|defined by=Republic of Trinidad & Tobago|defined by=Russian Federation|defined by=Sweden|defined by=Spain|defined by=Switzerland|defined by=Turkey|defined by=Uganda|defined by=United Kingdom|defined by=United States|defined by=ISO|defined by=Ontario|defined by=Malta}}
+
{{#set:defined by=UNISDR|defined by=Canada|defined by=India|defined by=Philippines|defined by=Republic of Trinidad & Tobago}}
 
+
{{#set: Showmainpage=Yes}}
[[Category:RESIN-Glossary]][[Category:CIPRNet-Glossary]]
 
{{#set:defined by=EU|Council Directive 2008/114/EC|ISO|ISO/IEC TR 27019:2013}}
 

Latest revision as of 17:46, 19 December 2020

Definitions

Other International Definitions

UNDRR

UNISDR refers to "Critical facilities" as

the primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. [1]

Critical facilities are considered as elements of the infrastructure that support essential services in a society.

Points critiques: Les réseaux principaux, les installations techniques et autres systèmes qui sont essentiels d’un point de vue social, économique ou opérationnel au fonctionnement d’une société ou d’une communauté, aussi bien au quotidien qu’en situation d’urgence. [2]


Жизненно важные объекты: Ключевые объекты материальной инфраструктуры, технические сооружения и системы, которые играют жизненно важную роль в социальном, экономическом и функциональном отношении для существования общества или общины как в обычных обстоятельствах, так и в условиях чрезвычайной ситуации. [3]


Instalaciones vitales: Las estructuras físicas, instalaciones técnicas y sistemas principales que son social, económica u operativamente esenciales para el funcionamiento de una sociedad o comunidad, tanto en circunstancias habituales como extremas durante una emergencia. [4]


المرافق الحساسة : الأنشطة الإدارية التي تعنى بالتقليل من، أو معالجة المخاطر القائمة. [5]


Kerentanan: Karakteristik dan kondisi sebuah komunitas, sistem atau aset yang membuatnya cenderung terkena dampak merusak yang diakibatkan ancaman bahaya. [6]


Kemudahan – kemudahan kritikal: Ulasan: Kemudahan kritikal adalah infrastruktur yang menyokong perkhidmatan penting dalam masyarakat. Ia termasuk sistem pengangkutan, udara dan laut, bekalan elektrik, air, sistem komunikasi, hospital, klinik kesihatan, bomba, polis dan perkhidmatan pentadbiran awam. [7]


Kritikal na mga Pasilidad: Ang mga pangunahing pisikal na istruktura, teknikal na mga pasilidad at sistema na mahalaga sa lipunan at ekonomya at sa paggana ng lipunan at komunidad, sa ordinaryo mang takbo ng buhay at maging sa matitinding pangkagipitang sitwasyon. [8]


[9] تسهيلات حياتي
ساختارها و سازه هاي فيزيكي اوليه،تسهيلات فني و سامانه هايي كه از نظر اجتماعي، اقتصادي يا عملياتي براي
عملكرد و كار يك اجتماع يا جامعه، هم د شرايط عادي و هم در وضعيت هاي ناسازگار و مغاير در شرايط
اضطراري حاد، لازم مي باشند، اتلاق مي گردد



National Definitions

Canada

Critical facility: a facility that is of capital importance to a society or community for conducting its day-to-day activities and whose compromise would have severe consequences on its effective functioning.

Installation indispensable : Installation qui est d'importance capitale pour qu'une société ou une collectivité puisse mener ses activités quotidiennes et dont la compromission aurait de graves conséquences sur son fonctionnement efficace. [10]



India

Critical Facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. [11]



Philippines

Critical facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. They include such things as transport systems, air and sea ports, electricity, water and communications systems, hospitals and health clinics, and centers for fire, police, and public administration services. [12]

Ref: (Terminology on DRR. UNISDR, 2009)

Republic of Trinidad & Tobago

Critical facilities: The primary physical structures, technical facilities and systems which are socially, economically or operationally essential to the functioning of a society or community, both in routine circumstances and in the extreme circumstances of an emergency. [13]



See also


Notes