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European Definitions

EU Directive 2004/49/EC

(For the Railway (Transport) Sector) An unwanted or unintended sudden event or a specific chain of such events which have harmful consequences; accidents are divided into the following categories: collisions, derailments, level-crossing accidents, accidents to persons caused by rolling stock in motion, fires and other. [1]


(For the Railway (Transport) Sector) An unintended event or series of events that results in death, injury, loss of a system or service, or environmental damage [2].

Other International Definitions

An unintended event or series of events that results in harm. [3]

National Definitions


A sudden event in which harm is caused to people, property or the built or natural environment. [4]


"Accident" shall denote a large-scale incident, affecting roads, highways and air traffic, destruction of hydro-technical installations, incidents, caused by activities at sea, nuclear incidents and other environmental and industrial accidents, caused by human activity or acts. [5]

Авария: е инцидент от голям мащаб, включващ пътища, магистрали и въздушен трафик, пожар, разрушаване на хидротехнически съоръжения, инциденти, причинени от дейности в морето, ядрени инциденти и други екологични и промишлени аварии, причинени от дейности или действия на човека. [6]


An unintended, unplanned and unexpected event that interrupts an activity and sometimes causes injury or damage.

Événement involontaire, non planifié et imprévu qui interrompt une activité et qui entraîne parfois des blessures ou des dommages. [7]


Onnettomuus: äkillinen, odottamaton ja tahaton tapahtuma, jolla on vahingolliset seuraukset.

Accident is a sudden, unexpected and unintentional event with harmful consequences. -unofficial translation- [8]


Accidente: Suceso fortuito e incontrolado, capaz de producir daños. [9]


Accident: Eveniment subit, întâmplare neprevăzută, de regulă violent(ă), venit(ă) pe neaşteptate, curmând o situaţie normală, având drept cauză activitatea umană, dar produs(ă) independent de voinţa victimei; se caracterizează prin aceea că, de regulă, constituie cauza unei/unor vătămări corporale. [10]

Standard Definition


An accident is an unplanned and undesired loss event. [11]

See also